For Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, choreographs The Night Shadow (Rieti) , stages Le Baiser de la Fée, and collaborates with Alexandra Danilova in a version of Raymonda (Glazounov)  after Petipa. ― In Hollywood begins choreography for film titled The Life and Loves of Pavlova, canceled after two months. ― Stages traditional Maryinsky Act II death scene for Ballet Theatre revival of Giselle (Adam) . ― With Kirstein, organizes Ballet Society, Inc., a subscription-supported company to advance lyric theater. ― For first performance, at Central High School of Needle Trades, Balanchine rechoreographs L'Enfant et les Sortilèges (Ravel)  for its American premiere and creates The Four Temperaments (Hindemith)  to score he commissioned from composer in 1940. ― Balanchine and Kirstein commission Orpheus from Stravinsky; Balanchine goes to Hollywood to work with the composer.
For second series of Ballet Society performances, at Hunter College Playhouse, choreographs Renard (Stravinsky)  and Divertimento (Haieff) . ― Stages dances for Broadway production of operetta The Chocolate Soldier (Oscar Straus) . ― During six months as guest ballet master of Paris Opéra, mounts Serenade, Le Baiser de la Fée, and Apollon Musagète and to recently rediscovered Bizet First Symphony creates Le Palais de Cristal . ― In Hollywood, continues work on Orpheus with Stravinsky. ― During first series of Ballet Society performances at City Center of Music and Drama in New York, presents Symphonie Concertante (Mozart) . ― Choreographs Theme and Variations (Tchaikovsky)  for Ballet Theatre.
Choreographs The Triumph of Bacchus and Ariadne (Rieti)  for second series of Ballet Society performances at City Center. ― Ballet Society gives American premiere of Le Palais de Cristal retitled Symphony in C . ― Ballet Society presents Élégie (Stravinsky)  and the Stravinsky-- Balanchine--Noguchi Orpheus  at City Center of Music and Drama in what prove to be its final performances. ― Following the premiere of Orpheus, Morron Baum, Chairman of Executive Committee of City Center, invites Kirstein and Balanchine to found permanent company to be called New York City Ballet with residency at City Center; Ballet Society, Inc., continues as sponsor for special projects. ― In addition to presenting independent repertory, company is to provide opera ballets for New York City Opera productions; ballet evenings are to be Mondays and Tuesdays. ― In Monte Carlo, for Grand Ballet du Marquis de Cuevas, stages Night Shadow and Concerto Barocco and choreographs Pas de Trois Classique (Minkus)  after Petipa. ― While preparing inaugural season of New York City Ballet, Balanchine choreographs dances for Broadway musical Where's Charley? (Loesser)  and ballets for New York City Opera [248,251-253, 255, 256]. ― New York City Ballet and Where's Charley? open October 11. ― For first performance, New York City Ballet presents Concerto Barocco, Orpheus, and Symphony in C; second performance consists of Serenade, The Four Temperaments, and Orpheus. ― Directs movements for actors in Broadway production of Giraudoux's play The Madwoman of Chaillot .