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309. PAS DE DIX



Music: By Alexander Glazounov (Raymonda, excerpts from Act III, Op. 57, produced 1898).

Choreography: By George Balanchine, after Marius Petipa.

Production: Costumes by Esteban Francés. Lighting by Jean Rosenthal.

Premiere: November 9, 1955, New York City Ballet, City Center of Music and Drama, New York. Conductor: Leon Barzin.

Cast: Maria Tallchief, André Eglevsky; Barbara Fallis, Constance Garfield, Jane Mason, Barbara Walczak, Shaun O'Brien, Roy Tobias, Roland Vazquez, Jonathan Watts.

Note: Using much of the same music as the PAS CLASSIQUE HONGROIS from Act III of Raymonda [233], the work is composed of solos, two pas de deux, a duet for two women, and a quartet for four men, concluding with bravura measures for the ballerina. Some of the choreography corresponds closely to the Stepanov notation of Petipa's Raymonda (made some years after the ballet's premiere); much is new. In 1960, for the San Francisco Ballet's Variations de Ballet, parts of Pas de Dix were combined with choreography by Lew Christensen to Glazounov's suite Scènes de Ballet, Op. 52 (revised 1981).

Video/DVD: 2003, VAI, The Art of Maria Tallchief (excerpts [1957]); 2014 Video Artists International, New York City Ballet in Montreal, Vol. 2 (complete recorded 1957).

Archival Video: George Balanchine Interpreters Archive (ballerina solo, excerpts from finale), 1996; George Balanchine Archive of Lost Choreography (ballerina solo), 2000.

Revisions: New York City Ballet: Often performed without male pas de quatre and sometimes without first two of three variations for female soloists.

See also: 18   *233   339   384  

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