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331. PAS DE DEUX (also called TSCHAIKOVSKY PAS DE DEUX)



Music: By Peter Ilyitch Tchaikovsky (Swan Lake, Op. 20, 1875-76; pas de deux originally intended for Act III, subsequently lost from 1877 until 1953).

Choreography: By George Balanchine.

Production: Costumes by Karinska. Lighting by Jack Owen Brown; subsequently by David Hays.

Premiere: March 29, 1960, New York City Ballet, City Center of Music and Drama, New York. Conductor: Robert Irving.

Cast: Violette Verdy, Conrad Ludlow.

Note: A display piece for two leading dancers, choreographed to lost music intended for the third act of Swan Lake, rediscovered in 1953 in the Bolshoi archives. Balanchine began the choreography with Diana Adams and Jacques d'Amboise, but an injury to Adams caused him to recast the piece. The steps of the opening and closing part of the ballet are much the same as the original Adams-d'Amboise choreography.

Revisions: Male variation and coda differ from performer to performer. Male variation originally much longer.

Film: 1973, RM Productions; 1977, Twentieth-Century Fox, The Turning Point (excerpt); 1978, The Film Company, Peter Martins: A Dancer (male variation [excerpt]); 1989, Seahorse Films, Dancing for Mr. B (excerpt).

Video/DVD: 1994, Home Vision, Gala Tribute to Tchaikovsky; 1995, Nonesuch, The Balanchine Library: Dancing for Mr. B (excerpt); 1998, The Balanchine Library: Choreography by Balanchine [1979]; 2001, Kultur, Peter Martins: A Dancer (male variation [excerpt]); 2002, VAI, Pas de Deux (excerpt [1984]); 2004, Kultur, Balanchine (male and female variations, coda); 2005, Films du Prieuré, Violette et Mr. B (excerpt); 2006, VAI, The Art of the Pas de Deux, Vol. 1 (excerpt [1984]).

Archival Video: George Balanchine Foundation Interpreters Archive (complete), forthcoming.

See also: 75   191   262   285   367  

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