Music: By Igor Stravinsky (Pulcinella: Ballet with Song in One Act after Pergolesi, 1919-20).
Choreography: By George Balanchine and Jerome Robbins.
Production: Scenery and costumes by Eugene Berman. Scenery executed by Nolan Scenery Studios. Lighting by Ronald Bates. Masks and props by Kermit Love.
Premiere: June 23, 1972, New York City Ballet with children from the School of American Ballet, New York State Theater.
Conductor: Robert Irving.
Pulcinella, Edward Villella; Girl, Violette Verdy; Pulcinella's Father, Michael Arshansky; Devil, Francisco Moncion, Shaun O'Brien; Beggars, George Balanchine, Jerome Robbins; Concubines, 2 men; 2 Policemen; Little Boy; 6 Musicians; Townspeople, 7 women, 5 men; Pulcinellas, Deni Lamont, Robert Weiss, 10 men, 12 children.
Note: Included in the Stravinsky Festival. Balanchine created a libretto of his own, working with Robbins. Beginning with Pulcinella's funeral procession, the ballet depicts his resurrection through a pact with the devil, his continued career of mockery, petty crime, and debauchery, his defeat of the devil at a spaghetti feast, and a celebration of his victory by dancing. Pulcinella was first choreographed by Léonide Massine in 1920 for Diaghilev's Ballets Russes. (See FESTIVALS DIRECTED BY BALANCHINE.)
Film: 1973, RM Productions.
Revisions: New York City Ballet: Numerous early revisions. Very soon after premiere, Berman decor substantially reduced.