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5. [FOXTROTS]



Choreography: By George Balanchine.

Note: By 1921, the Bolsheviks had signed treaties with a number of European and Asian countries, renouncing claims to various border territories, guaranteeing mutual non-aggression in some cases, and resuming trade relations. Perhaps the most important of these was the Anglo-Soviet trade agreement of March 16, 1921, in which Lenin opened the ports of Petrograd to trade with the West. In celebration of this (or perhaps another similar treaty), a giant party was held; for entertainment there were actors, German music, and a foxtrot composed for the crowd by Balanchine.
A review in Krasnaya gazeta, May 20, 1924, mentions a foxtrot performed by the Young Ballet as part of a demonstration concert. This is almost certainly not the work composed for the public party; Pëtr Gusev suggested it may have been a solo created by Balanchine for Nicholas Efimov.

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