The George Balanchine Foundation
Balanchine Catalogue
Balanchine Catalogue Archive

Search by title, year, composer, cast or production details.

(later called GLINKAIANA)
Mikhail Glinka
George Balanchine
Scenery, costumes, and lighting by Esteban Francés
November 23, 1967, New York City Ballet, New York State Theater. Conductor: Robert Irving
POLKA: Violette Verdy, Paul Mejia, 3 couples;
VALSE FANTAISIE: Mimi Paul, John Clifford, 4 women;
JOTA ARAGONESE: Melissa Hayden, 6 women, 8 men;
DIVERTIMENTO BRILLANTE: Patricia McBride, Edward Villella
Performance Type
See Also
The curtain was lowered after each section and the décor changed. Glinkiana was seldom performed with the full four movements. From June 1,1969, VALSE FANTAISIE was presented as a separate work; the other movements were eliminated.
Recorded Performances
1980, Direct Cinema Ltd., Man Who Dances: Edward Villella (DIVERTIMENTO BRILLANTE)
1973, RM Productions (VALSE FANTAISIE);
1968, Direct Cinema Ltd., Man Who Dances: Edward Villella (DIVERTIMENTO BRILLANTE)

1968 Divertimento Brillante (NBC, Bell Telephone Hour)
1968 Divertimento Brillante (CBC [Montreal], L’Heure du Concert)

Mikhail Glinka (Valse Fantaisie in B minor, 1839; orchestrated 1856)
George Balanchine
Scenery, costumes, and lighting by Esteban Francés
June 1, 1969, New York City Ballet, New York State Theater. Conductor: Robert Irving
Suki Schorer, John Prinz, 4 women
Performance Type
See Also
This version of Valse Fantaisie was originally presented by the New York City Ballet in 1967 as the second section of Glinkiana [359]. In 1931 and 1953 Balanchine choreographed different ballets to this music.
Additional Productions

1973   Garden State Ballet
1973   Los Angeles Ballet
1975   Pacific Northwest Ballet
1976   U.S. Terpsichore (New York City)
1977   North Carolina Dance Theatre
1977   Stars of American Ballet (disbanded)
1978   Berkshire Ballet
1978   Chicago Lyric Opera Ballet (in 1980 separated from Chicago Lyric Opera to form Chicago City Ballet)
1978   Dallas Ballet
1978   Princeton Ballet (New Jersey)
1979   Connecticut Ballet
1980   American Festival Ballet Company (Idaho)
1980   Baltimore Ballet (closed—formerly Maryland Ballet)
1980   New Jersey Ballet
1981   City Ballet of Toronto
1981   Richmond Ballet, The State Ballet of Virginia
1982   Dance Alive! State Touring Company of Florida
1982   Festival Ballet (Rhode Island)
1982   Kansas City Ballet
1982   Tallahassee Ballet
1982   Toledo Ballet Association
1982   Dance Theatre of Harlem
1983   Arizona Metropolitan Ballet
1983   Balleto del Sol
1983   Pennsylvania Ballet
1984   Atlantic Ballet
1984   Des Moines Ballet
1984   Southern Ballet Theatre
1984   Southwest Ballet Company
1984   Texas Ballet (formerly Fort Worth Dallas Ballet)
1985   Ballet Oklahoma
1986   Ballet Concerto Company of Miami
1986   Ballet Mississippi
1986   Omaha Theater Company
1986   Catskill Ballet Theatre
1986   Richmond Ballet, The State Ballet of Virginia
1987   Augusta Ballet
1987   Miami City Ballet
1988   Catskill Ballet Theatre
1988   Hong Kong Ballet
1988   Louisville Ballet
1988   New Jersey Ballet
1988   Northwest Florida Ballet
1988   Pennsylvania Ballet
1988   Pittsburgh Ballet Theatre
1989   Texas Ballet (formerly Fort Worth Dallas Ballet)
1990   Ballet Dallas
1990   Ballet de San Juan
1990   Granite State Ballet
1990   Hong Kong Ballet
1990   The Marin Ballet
1990   West Australian Ballet
1991   Pennsylvania Ballet
1991   Southern Ballet Theatre
1992   Ballet Austin
1992   Boston Dance Company
1992   Les Grands Ballets Canadiens
1992   Nashville City Ballet
1992   Pacific Northwest Ballet
1992   Richmond Ballet, The State Ballet of Virginia
1992   Spokane Ballet
1993   Contra Costa Ballet
1993   Miami City Ballet
1993   NAPAC Ballet (Natal Performing Arts Council—Durban, South Africa)
1994   Ballet Dallas
1994   Boston Ballet
1994   Boston Dance Company
1994   Diablo Ballet
1994   Texas Ballet (formerly Fort Worth Dallas Ballet)
1995   Allegheny Ballet Company
1995   Pasadena Dance Theatre
1996   City Ballet of San Diego
1996   Pacific Northwest Ballet
1996   Richmond Ballet, The State Ballet of Virginia
1996   Russian Ballet Theatre
1996   San Diego Ballet
1997   Ballet Mississippi
1997   Boston Dance Company
1997   Contra Costa Ballet
1997   Pennsylvania Ballet
1997   Repertory Dance Theatre
1997   Texas Ballet (formerly Fort Worth Dallas Ballet)
1997   Western Ballet Theater
1998   Aspen Ballet
1998   Boston Dance Company
1998   Municipal Theatre of Berne
1998   Pioneer Valley Ballet
1999   Chautauqua Institution (New York)
1999   Les Grands Ballets Canadiens
2000   City Ballet of San Diego
2000   Palm Springs Ballet
2000   Royal Swedish Ballet
2000   Saint Louis Ballet
2000   Western Ballet Theater
2001   Alabama Dance Theatre
2001   Channel Island Ballet (formerly Ballet Wisconsin)
2002   Ballet Austin
2002   Carolina Ballet
2002   Chautauqua Institution (New York)
2002   Mid-Columbia Regional Ballet
2002   Minnesota Ballet
2002   North Carolina Dance Theatre
2002   Omaha Theater Company Ballet
2002   Richmond Ballet, The State Ballet of Virginia
2003   Columbia Classical Ballet Company
2003   Festival Ballet Theatre of Orange County
2003   Ballet NY
2004   Ballet Chicago
2004   Minnesota Ballet
2004   Saint Louis Ballet
2005   Ballet NY
2005   Gem City Ballet
2005   New England Dance Theatre
2005   The Peoria Ballet
2005   Washington Ballet Studio Company
2006   Boca Ballet Theatre
2006   Ohio Ballet
2007   Kansas City Ballet
2007   Nashville Ballet
2008   Grand Rapids Ballet Company
2008   Festival Ballet Theatre of Orange County
2008   Carolina Ballet
2008   Lake Cities Ballet
2008   Marin Ballet
2009   City Ballet of San Diego
2009   Orlando Ballet
2010   Miami City Ballet
2010   Bucharest National Opera
2010   Richmond Ballet
2010   St Louis Ballet
2010   City Ballet of San Diego
2011   New Mexico Ballet Company
2011   Oklahoma City Ballet
2012   Carolina Ballet
2012   Richmond Ballet
2012   Suzanne Farrell Ballet
2014   Ballet Chicago
2014   Boca Ballet Theatre
2014   St. Louis Ballet
2015   American Ballet Theatre
2015   American Contemporary Ballet
2015   Ballet Nebraska/Ballet Vero Beach
2015   Richmond Ballet
2016   Ballet Idaho
2016   Carolina Ballet
2017   The Sarasota Ballet
2018   Avant Chamber Ballet
2018   Dance Theatre of Harlem
2018   Madison Ballet
2018   Norwegian National Ballet-Den Norske Opera/Ballet
2020   Conservatoire National Superior de Musique et de Danse de Paris
2020   Het Nationale Ballet II – Junior Company
2021   Indianapolis Ballet
2021   St. Louis Ballet
2022   Golden State Ballet

Recorded Performances

1973 (RM Productions)
1975 (BBC 2 [London])

Mikhail Glinka (Valse Fantaisie in B minor, 1839; orchestrated 1856)
George Balanchine
Costumes by Karinska. Lighting by Jean Rosenthal
January 6, 1953, New York City Ballet, City Center of Music and Drama, New York. Conductor: Leon Barzin
Diana Adams, Melissa Hayden, Tanaquil Le Clercq, Nicholas Magallanes
Performance Type
See Also
The three ballerinas, wearing headdresses reminiscent of Glinka’s Russia, moved together in a perpetuum mobile, attended by the male dancer.
Additional Productions

1958   Eglevsky Ballet Company
1964   Eglevsky Ballet Company
1970   Ballet de San Juan
1974   Cultural Center of the Philippines Dance Company
1982   New York Dance Theatre
1984   Pacific Northwest Ballet
1987   Miami City Ballet
1990   Miami City Ballet
1992   Miami City Ballet
1993   Miami City Ballet
1994   Lake Erie Ballet
1995   Miami City Ballet
1996   Miami City Ballet
1997   Miami City Ballet
1998   Greensboro Ballet
1998   Hartford Ballet
2021   Indianapolis Ballet
2021   St. Louis Ballet

Made for Television
Johann Strauss the Younger (excerpts from Die Fledermaus, produced 1874)
George Balanchine
Countess, Melissa Hayden; Maid, Janet Reed; André Eglevsky
Performance Type
See Also
Recorded Performances

February 3, 1953, Kate Smith Hour, NBC

Source Notes

Information provided by Virginia Brooks, Jerome Robbins Dance Division of the New York Public Library for the Performing Arts; corroborated by Melissa Hayden.

Operetta in Three Acts and a Prologue
Music by Johann Strauss the Younger (produced 1874), in a version by Max Reinhardt (1929). Music from other Strauss scores interpolated by Erich Wolfgang Korngold, including Tales from the Vienna Woods, Knight Pazman, and Wine, Women and Song. Lyrics by Paul Kerby. American book by Gottfried Reinhardt and John Meehan, Jr.
George Balanchine; ballet Master: William Dollar
Produced by Lodewick Vroom. Staged by Felix Brentano and George Balanchine (uncredited). Scenery by Oliver Smith. Costumes by Ladislas Czettel. Scenery built by Vail Construction Company and painted by E. B. Dunkel Studios; costumes executed by Brooks Costume Company. Lighting by Jean Rosenthal
October 28, 1942, New Opera Company, Forty-fourth Street Theatre, New York. Conductor: Erich Wolfgang Korngold
Rosalinda von Eisenstein, Dorothy Sarnoff; Gabriel von Eisenstein, Ralph Herbert; Adele, Virginia MacWatters; Prince Orlofsky, Oscar Karlweis; Dr. Frank, Paul Best; Frosch, Louis Sorin; and others. Premier Danseur, José Limón; Première Danseuse, Mary Ellen Moylan; 10 female dancers, 7 male dancers.
Performance Type
See Also
521 performances, followed by national tour. Created during Balanchine’s year-long association with the New Opera Company, dedicated to producing opera in English, for which he choreographed opera divertissements and mounted a production of Ballet Imperial.
PROLOGUE: A mimed bat sequence with cape for Todd Bolender, ending with his jumping through a window.
WAITERS DANCE (Act I): Todd Bolender, Douglas Coudy.
FINALE (Act II): Mary Ellen Moylan, José Limón, ensemble.
DREAM PANTOMIME: DANCE OF DRUNKEN GENTLEMEN IN PRISON (Act III): Paul Best, male ensemble, ‘ballerina,’ dancing couples.
Source Notes

Edward Bigelow, Todd Bolender, George Dorris

Johann Strauss the Younger (from Die Fledermaus, produced 1874, with unidentified additions). Book by Lincoln Kirstein
George Balanchine
Costumes and lighting by Keith Martin
June 30, 1941, American Ballet Caravan, Teatro Municipal, Rio de Janeiro. Conductor: Emanuel Balaban
The Bat, Helen Kramer, Todd Bolender; The Poet, Lew Christensen; The Masked (Identical) Ladies, Gisella Caccialanza, Olga Suárez; Hungarian Dancers (formerly called Gypsies), Marie-Jeanne, William Dollar; The Can-Can Dancer, Beatrice Tompkins; The Ladies of Fashion, 4 women; 2 Coachmen; Can-Can Dancers, Officers, Ladies and Gentlemen, corps de ballet
Performance Type
See Also
Originally presented by the American Ballet, New York, 1936.
(also called EL MURCIÉLAGO) Character Ballet, from ‘Die Fledermaus’
Johann Strauss the Younger (from Die Fledermaus, produced 1874, with unidentified additions). Book by Lincoln Kirstein
George Balanchine
Costumes and lighting by Keith Martin
May 20, 1936, American Ballet Ensemble, Metropolitan Opera, New York. Conductor: Wilfred Pelletier
The Bat, Holly Howard, Lew Christensen; The Poet, Charles Laskey; The Masked (Identical) Ladies, Leda Anchutina, Annabelle Lyon; The Gypsies (later called Hungarian Dancers), Helen Leitch, William Dollar; The Can-Can Dancer, Rabana Hasburgh; The Ladies of Fashion, 4 women; 2 Coachmen, Can-Can Dancers, Officers, Ladies and Gentlemen, corps de ballet
Performance Type
See Also
Balanchine conceived The Bat as a couple, a man and a woman, each wearing a huge spangled wing. The ballet is an evocation of Vienna, set in a park; a young poet seeking inspiration is confounded by two beautiful but identical ladies; a band of Gypsies invades the scene. At the end the park is empty, except for the shadow of The Bat.
The Bat was the first independent ballet choreographed by Balanchine at the Metropolitan while the American Ballet Ensemble was in residence. It was performed about a dozen times over the next two seasons.
Additional Productions

1941  American Ballet Caravan

Franz Liszt (Liebestraum, ca. 1850)
George Balanchine
September 16, 1930, members of the Royal Danish Ballet, Nimb’s Restaurant, Tivoli Gardens, Copenhagen. Conductor: Victor Schiøler
[DUET]: Elna Jørgen-Jensen, George Balanchine. [TRIO]: Elna Lassen, Ulla Poulsen, Balanchine
Performance Type
Concert Works
See Also
Untitled pieces performed once as part of Princess Margaret’s Høstfest (Harvest Festival)
Source Notes
Ulla Poulsen (additional music information)
Comic Opera in Three Acts and Nine Scenes
Jacques Offenbach (originally produced 1858 in two acts and four tableaux; revised production of 1874 included more dance scenes with new music). Libretto by Hector Crémieux and Ludovic Halévy
George Balanchine
Produced by Les Frères Isola. Directed by Max Dearly. Scenery by Durand and Émile Bertin. Costumes by Carre Aumont and Abel
December 24, 1931, Théâtre Mogador, Paris. Danced by Les Ballets Russes de Georges Balanchine. Conductor: M. Diot
Jupiter, Max Dearly; Aristaeus-Pluto, Lucien Muratore; Eurydice, Marise Beaujon; Diana, Jeanne Saint-Bonnet; Public Opinion, Rose Carday; Orpheus, Adrien Lamy; Mercury, Maurice Porterat; Mars, Jose Dupuis (fils); Cupid, Monette Diney; Venus, Raymonde Allain; Juno, Alice Soulie; Morpheus, Lucien Brouet; John Styx, Felix Oudart; Première Danseuse (and Aurora), Felia Doubrovska; Premier Danseur, Anatole Vilzak; The Twelve Small Virtuosi (child violinists); and others. Corps de ballet: 24 women, 4 men.
DIVERTISSEMENT DES SONGES ET DES HEURES (Act II): Felia Doubrovska, corps de ballet.
GRAND BALLET DES NYMPHES (Act II): Doubrovska, Anatole Vilzak, Irina Baronova, Tatiana Semanova, Irène Lucezarska.
CHŒUR INFERNAL (Act III, chorus and dance): Vilzak.
CHŒUR INFERNAL (Act III, chorus and dance): Vilzak.
Performance Type
Musical Theater
See Also
Source Notes

Judith Chazin-Bennahum (costume information)