The George Balanchine Foundation
Balanchine Catalogue
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Peter Ilyitch Tschaikovsky (as given below)
George Balanchine (two of five parts), Jacques d’Amboise, and John Taras
Costumes for GARLAND DANCE by Karinska (from DIAMONDS in Jewels [358] and Chaconne [400]) and Rouben Ter-Arutunian (from Coppélia [387])
June 9, 1981, New York City Ballet with students from the School of American Ballet, New York State Theater. Conductor: Robert Irving
GARLAND DANCE from The Sleeping Beauty, Act I (produced 1890): 25 women, 16 men, 16 young girls
Performance Type
See Also
Included in the Tchaikovsky Festival. Sixteen couples dance, each couple holding aloft a garland of flowers in the form of an arch; a chain of little girls enters, weaving under the garlands, and is joined by nine older girls. In addition to the GARLAND DANCE, the short works presented under the general title Tempo di Valse during the Tchaikovsky Festival (and later in the season) were the WALTZ OF THE FLOWERS from The Nutcracker [302] by Balanchine, VALSE-SCHERZO by d’Amboise, and VARIATION VI FROM TRIO IN A MINOR and WALTZ FROM EUGENE ONEGIN, ACT II by Taras. (See FESTIVALS DIRECTED BY BALANCHINE.)
Additional Productions

2003   Suzanne Farrell Ballet

Peter Ilyitch Tschaikovsky (produced 1890)
After the choreography of Marius Petipa. Choreography for the GARLAND DANCE by Michael Vernon. Choreography for Aurora’s solo in the VISION SCENE by George Balanchine.
Staged and directed by André Eglevsky. Scenery and costumes by Peter Farmer
April 14, 1977, The Eglevsky Ballet, Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York
Princess Aurora, Patricia McBride; Prince, Peter Schaufuss; Lilac Fairy, Leslie Peck; corps de ballet
Performance Type
See Also
Source Notes

Information corroborated by Patricia McBride

Classical Ballet in Two Acts, Four Scenes, and Prologue
Peter Ilyitch Tschaikovsky (The Nutcracker, produced 1892; violin cadenza from The Sleeping Beauty added 1955). Based on the Alexandre Dumas père version of E. T. A. Hoffmann’s tale, The Nutcracker and the Mouse King (1816)
George Balanchine. CANDY CANE variation (TREPAK) and Little Prince’s mime choreographed by Lev Ivanov. BATTLE BETWEEN THE NUTCRACKER AND THE MOUSE KING choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Scenery by Horace Armistead, executed by Century Scenic Studios. Costumes by Karinska. Masks by Vlady. Lighting and production by Jean Rosenthal
February 2, 1954, New York City Ballet with students from the School of American Ballet, City Center of Music and Drama, New York. Conductor: Leon Barzin
ACT I, SCENE 1, CHRISTMAS PARTY AT THE HOME OF DR. STAHLBAUM, NUREMBERG, CA. 1816: Dr. and Frau Stahlbaum, Frank Hobi, Irene Larsson; Their Children, Clara and Fritz, Alberta Grant, Susan Kaufman; Maid; Guests: 4 Parents, 11 Children, 2 Grandparents; Herr Drosselmeyer, Michael Arshansky; His Nephew (The Nutcracker), Paul Nickel; Toys: Harlequin and Columbine, Gloria Vauges, Kaye Sargent; Toy Soldier, Roy Tobias;
SCENE 2, THE BATTLE BETWEEN THE NUTCRACKER AND THE MOUSE KING: Mouse King, Edward Bigelow; Nutcracker; Clara; 8 Mice; 19 Child Soldiers;
SCENE 3, THE WHITE FOREST AND THE SNOWFLAKE WALTZ: Nutcracker; Clara; Snowflakes, 16 women. Boys choir (40 voices) from St. Thomas Episcopal Church.
ACT II, CONFITUERENBURG (THE KINGDOM OF THE SUGAR PLUM FAIRY): Sugar Plum Fairy, Maria Tallchief; Her Cavalier, Nicholas Magallanes; Little Princess, Grant; Little Prince, Nickel; Angels, 8 girls;
DIVERTISSEMENTS: HOT CHOCOLATE (SPANISH DANCE): Yvonne Mounsey, Herbert Bliss, 4 couples;
COFFEE (ARABIAN DANCE): Francisco Moncion, 4 children;
TEA (CHINESE DANCE): George Li, 2 women;
CANDY CANES (BUFFOONS): Robert Barnett, 6 girls;
WALTZ OF THE CANDY FLOWERS: Dewdrop, Tanaquil Le Clercq; Flowers, 2 female demi-soloists; 12 women
Performance Type
See Also
Video Archives Recording
The George Balanchine Foundation Interpreters Archive (SUGAR PLUM FAIRY variation [partial], PAS DE DEUX), 1996, (MARZIPAN, CANDY CANE) 2020
Balanchine danced the roles of The Nutcracker/Little Prince, Mouse King, and others in productions by the Maryinsky Theater in Petrograd (later State Theater of Opera and Ballet) and was especially noted for his solo in the BUFFOONS’ DANCE (TREPAK [CANDY CANE] variation). (See ROLES PERFORMED BY BALANCHINE.)
The 1954 Nutcracker was the first full-length work presented by the New York City Ballet; the overwhelming success of this production, with elaborate scenic effects, helped assure the permanence of the Company. The use of children from the School of American Ballet, recalling Balanchine’s early experience at the Maryinsky, set a precedent for future New York City Ballet works. The Sleeping Beauty cadenza, interpolated into Act I by Balanchine in 1955, has the same theme as the ‘tree growing’ music from The Nutcracker which occurs later in Act I.
Additional Productions
New York City Ballet: 1955, violin cadenza from The Sleeping Beauty added to extended pantomime in Act I; 1958, for national television broadcast and the 1958 performance season, GRAND PAS DE DEUX (Sugar Plum Fairy and Cavalier, end of Act II), replaced by PAS DE CINQ with Cavalier omitted and Sugar Plum Fairy supported in adagio by men from CHOCOLATE, COFFEE, TEA, CANDY CANES; variation for Sugar Plum Fairy moved to beginning of Act II from traditional placement at climax of GRAND PAS DE DEUX; 1959, adagio and coda of GRAND PAS DE DEUX restored with Cavalier, replacing PAS DE CINQ, but without variation for Cavalier; Sugar Plum Fairy variation retained at beginning of Act II; 1964 (for New York State Theater), more mice and children added to BATTLE scene; COFFEE (ARABIAN DANCE), formerly featuring hookah-smoking nobleman fanned by four parrots, rechoreographed as solo for a woman; 1968, introduction of mechanical device allowing Sugar Plum Fairy to glide across stage on one pointe; 1972, eight child mice added; 1979, opening section of SNOWFLAKE WALTZ revised; COFFEE (ARABIAN DANCE) substantially rechoreographed; 1983, two adult couples, a teenage couple (guests), and another maid added to PARTY SCENE, ACT I, SCENE 1, by Peter Martins, following a plan of Balanchine’s.
New Productions by Balanchine Companies
1964, New York City Ballet: New scenery and lighting by Rouben Ter-Arutunian for the New York State Theater, executed by Feller Scenery Studios, tree by Decorative Plant Corporation; some new costumes by Karinska.

1959   Atlanta Ballet
1965   Ballett der Buhnen Stadt Koln (Cologne)
1986   Stamford City Ballet
1987   Pennsylvania Ballet
1988   Atlanta Ballet
1988   Pennsylvania Ballet
1988   Pittsburgh Ballet Theatre
1989   Pennsylvania Ballet
1989   Stamford City Ballet
1990   Miami City Ballet
1990   Pittsburgh Ballet Theatre
1991   Stamford City Ballet
1992   Pennsylvania Ballet
1992   Pittsburgh Ballet Theatre
1992   Stamford City Ballet
1993   Maine State Ballet (American Ballet East)
1993   Miami City Ballet
1993   Stamford City Ballet
1994   Stamford City Ballet
1995   Los Angeles Ballet
1995   Miami City Ballet
1995   Pennsylvania Ballet
1995   Pittsburgh Ballet Theatre
1995   Stamford Center for the Arts
1996   Miami City Ballet
1997   Stamford City Ballet
1998   Miami City Ballet
1998   Pennsylvania Ballet
1998   Stamford Center for the Arts
1999   Stamford Center for the Arts
2001   Pittsburgh Ballet Theatre
2001   Pennsylvania Ballet
2002   Alabama Ballet/Ballet South
2002   Stamford Center for the Arts
2003   Oregon Ballet Theatre
2004   Alabama Ballet / Ballet South
2004   Ballet Chicago
2004   Northeast Ballet
2004   Pennsylvania Ballet
2004   Stamford Center for the Arts
2005   City Dance Theater
2005   Maine State Ballet
2005   Miami City Ballet
2005   Olympic Ballet
2010   Alabama Ballet
2011   Miami City Ballet
2011   Royal Danish Ballet
2013   Oregon Ballet Theatre
2013   Pennsylvania Ballet
2014   Miami City Ballet
2014   Oregon Ballet Theatre
2018   Teatro alla Scala
2020   Pacific Northwest Ballet
2020   Pennsylvania Ballet
2021   Alabama Ballet
2021   Oregon Ballet Theater
2021   Royal Danish Ballet
2022   Miami City Ballet
2022   Pacific Northwest Ballet
2022   Philadelphia Ballet (formerly PA Ballet)

Recorded Performances
1993, Warner Home Video, George Balanchine’s The Nutcracker (adaptation);
1994, Kultur, Balanchine (excerpts from Act I with Balanchine as Drosselmeyer);
2014 Video Artists International, New York City Ballet in Montreal, Vol. 2 (Grand pas de deux recorded 1957)
1993, Warner Bros., George Balanchine’s The Nutcracker (adaptation)

1954 pas de deux (NBC)
1955 Sugar Plum Fairy variation (NBC)
1956 excerpts in rehearsal (CBS, Let’s Take a Trip)
1956 pas de deux (CBS, Ed Sullivan Show)
1957 complete (CBS, Seven Lively Arts)
1957? pas de deux (CBC [Montreal], L’Heure du Concert)
1958 complete, with Balanchine as Drosselmeyer (CBS, Playhouse 90)
1959 pas de deux (ABC)
1959-60 pas de deux (PBS)
1961 pas de deux (NBC, Bell Telephone Hour)
1963 pas de deux (NBC)
1965 pas de deux (NBC, Bell Telephone Hour)
1971 excerpts (NBC)
1975 rehearsal (NBC)
1980 excerpts, rehearsal, performance (NBC)
1984 pas de deux (PBS, “Gala of Stars”)

Source Notes

Additional music information provided by Balanchine, Gordon Boelzner, Robert Irving; revisions information provided by Balanchine, Rosemary Dunleavy, Barbara Horgan

George Balanchine
Performance Type
See Also
In the summer of 1951, at Jacob’s Pillow, Diana Adams performed a variation from Aurora’s Wedding (divertissements from Act III of The Sleeping Beauty [Tchaikovsky]), with choreography credited to Balanchine.
Peter Ilyitch Tschaikovsky (excerpts from The Sleeping Beauty, produced 1890, most from Act III)
Originally choreographed by Marius Petipa; staged and adapted by George Balanchine. Choreography of the THREE IVANS by Bronislava Nijinska
Scenery by Michel Baronoff and costumes by Barbara Karinska after designs by Léon Bakst (1921)
April 2, 1949, Ballet Theatre, Opera House, Chicago. Conductor: Max Goberman
Princess Aurora, Nana Gollner; Prince Charming, John Kriza; The Queen, Charlyne Baker; The King, Peter Rudley; Master of Ceremonies, Edward Caton; Six Fairies, Lillian Lanese, Janet Reed, Dorothy Scott, Ruth Ann Koesun, Diana Adams, Mary Burr (the first five danced VARIATIONS I-V); 6 Attendants; PAS DE TROIS: Norma Vance, Jocelyn Vollmar, Wallace Seibert; BLUEBIRD AND THE PRINCESS: Maria Tallchief, Igor Youskevitch; THREE IVANS: Eric Braun, Fernand Nault, Nicolas Orloff; 4 Pages; Ensemble, 4 women, 4 men
Performance Type
See Also
The printed program indicates that this selection of excerpts from The Sleeping Beauty included the FAIRY VARIATIONS from the PROLOGUE and divertissements from Act III. Balanchine staged Petipa’s choreography of the BLUEBIRD pas de deux, but altered much of the rest. A duet (presumably for two fairies, which would have given each of the six Fairies a variation) is mentioned in a review by Lillian Moore (Dancing Times, June 1949, p. 497); printed programs list only five solo variations.
Additional Productions
1950, Ballet Theatre: One, later two, FAIRY VARIATIONS omitted.
Source Notes

Balanchine, Maria Tallchief

George Balanchine
Performance Type
See Also
In 1926 or 1927 Balanchine replaced the pas de trois for a man and two women in Aurora’s Wedding (divertissements from Act III of Petipa’s The Sleeping Beauty [Tchaikovsky]) known as ‘Florestan and His Sisters’ with a pas de trois for a woman and two men called ‘Ariadne and Her Brothers.’ The earliest program found is for the January 10, 1927, performance of Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes at La Scala, Milan. Throughout his tenure as ballet master to Diaghilev, Balanchine made frequent adjustments to repertory pieces, from minor alterations to entire new variations; most of these changes are not noted on printed programs. During the frequent periods between the seasons of the Ballets Russes, Balanchine is also known to have created choreography for productions in provincial opera houses in France; these are no longer possible to document.
Source Notes

Alicia Markova