Balanchine Catalogue Archive
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Opera in Three Acts
Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov (produced 1909). Libretto by Vladimir Bielski after a fairy tale by Alexander Pushkin
Staged and choreographed by George Balanchine (uncredited). Stage direction by Herbert Graf. Scenery by Willy Pogany (uncredited). Miss Pons’ costume by Mme Valentina (uncredited)
February 4, 1937, Metropolitan Opera, New York. Danced by American Ballet Ensemble. Conductor: Gennaro Papi
The Queen of Shemakha, Lily Pons; King Dodon, Ezio Pinza; Prince Guidon, Giordano Paltrinieri; General Polk, Norman Cordon; Prince Aphron, Wilfred Engelman; Amelfa, Doris Doe; The Astrologer, Nicholas Massue; The Voice of the Golden Cockerel, Thelma Votipka; and others
Although printed programs do not list dances or credit choreography, Balanchine choreographed and staged the production, which included a comic Russian dance for King Dodon, oriental movement for the Queen of Shemakha, and ensemble dances. Pons also consulted Michel Fokine about choreography for her role.