Opera in Four Acts and Five Scenes by Amilcare Ponchielli
ACT I FURLANA; ACT III DANCE OF THE HOURS
February 18, 1937, Metropolitan Opera, New York. Danced by American Ballet Ensemble. Conductor: Ettore Panizza. (DANCE OF THE HOURS first performed at a Metropolitan Opera Gala Concert, February 2, 1936.)
FURLANA: Corps de ballet. DANCE OF THE HOURS (Gala Concert, February 2): Dawn: Annia Breyman; Morning: Leda Anchutina; Dusk: Elise Reiman; Night: Rabana Hasburgh; Day: Anatole Vilzak, Gisella Caccialanza, Holly Howard, Kathryn Mullowny, corps de ballet
Diaghilev’s dancers were employed between ballet seasons as the resident company of the Opéra de Monte-Carlo, and his first assignments to Balanchine were opera divertissements. Balanchine has said that all choreography for operas in Monte Carlo during his tenure with Diaghilev was newly created by him; programs occasionally include no credits for choreography, and it may be that some dances by Nijinska, resident choreographer with Diaghilev at Monte Carlo in 1923 and 1924, remained during Balanchine’s early years. When choreography credits appear in the opera programs between 1925 and 1929, they are variously given as ‘Maître de ballet: Georges Balanchine,’ ‘Chorégraphie de Georges Balanchine,’ or ‘Ballet reglé par Georges Balanchine’; the significance of these differences is unknown.