Selected Bibliography
Updated from the 1983 Catalogue by Susan Au et al.
I. Writings by Balanchine

Balanchine’s Complete Stories of the Great Ballets.  Edited by Francis Mason. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1954.

Balanchine’s New Complete Stories of the Great Ballets.  Edited by Francis Mason. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1968.

Histoire des mes ballets.   Translated by Patrick Thêvenon. Paris: Fayard, 1969.
Based on the 1968 New Complete Stories of the Great Ballets, but including only ballets choreographed by Balanchine.

101 Stories of the Great Ballets   (with Francis Mason). Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1975. Intermediary work between the 1968 and 1977 editions of the Complete Stories of the Great Ballets; adds fifty-one ballets choreographed between 1968 and 1974.

Balanchine’s Complete Stories of the Great Ballets (with Francis Mason). Revised and enlarged edition. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1977.

By George Balanchine.  Edited by Thomas W. Schoff. New York: San Marco, 1984. Collection of short quotations from Balanchine’s public statements.

‘Marginal Notes on the Dance.’ In The Dance Has Many Faces,  edited by Walter Sorrell. Cleveland/New York: World, 1951, pp. 31-40. Second edition, revised and expanded, New York: Columbia University Press, 1966, pp. 93-102.

Preface to The Classic Ballet: Basic Technique and Terminology,  by Lincoln Kirstein and Muriel Stuart. New York: Knopf, 1952.

Preface to Labanotation,  by Ann Hutchinson. New York: New Directions, 1954. Revised and expanded edition, New York: Theatre Arts, 1970.

Introduction to Ballet in Action.  Photographs by Paul Himmel. Text by Walter Terry. New York: Putnam, 1954. Rapid-action photographic records of New York City Ballet repertory, including Balanchine’s Swan Lake, Serenade, and Sylvia.

‘Ballet in America.’ In The Book of Knowledge 1955 Annual,  pp. 145-48. New York/Toronto: The Grolier Society, 1955.

‘The Purpose of Ballet Society’ and ‘A Summing Up.’  In A Conference on Ballet–A National Movement, pp. 9-12, 58-62. New York: Ballet Society, 1960.

‘The Non-Commissioned Officer’s Widow, or How A. L. Volinsky Whipped Himself.’  Teatr 13 (25 December 1923), 7.

‘Dance Your Way to Health.’ Sunday Chronicle  (London), 7 July 1929. Excerpts reprinted in Dancing Times n.s. 227 (August 1929), 434-35.

‘How I Arrange My Ballets and Dances.’  Dance Journal (London) n.s. 3 (1931), p. 464.

‘Les Ballets 1993.’ Excelsior  (Paris), 4 June 1933.

‘Ballet Goes Native.’ Dance  [East Stroudsburg, Pa.] 3:3 (December 1934), 13.

‘Dance Will Assert Its Importance.’ Dance  [East Stroudsburg, Pa.] 6:1 (April 1939), 10.

‘Ballet on Record.’ Listen  1:4 (February 1941), 6-7.

‘Balanchine Defines Dance as Visual Art.’ As told to Robert Sabin. Musical America, . 64:5 (25 March 1944), 27.

‘The American Dancer.’ Dance News  4:4 (April 1944), 3, 6.

‘Ballet in Films.’ Dance News  5:4 (December 1944), 8.

‘Notes on Choreography.’ Dance Index  4:2, 3 (February-March 1945), 20-31.

‘The Dance Element in Strawinsky’s Music.’ In ‘Strawinsky in the Theatre: A Symposium,’ edited by Minna Lederman. Dance Index 6:10, 11, 12 (October-December 1947), 250-56. Reprinted in Stravinsky in the Theatre, edited by Minna Lederman. New York: Pellegrini & Cudahy, 1949, pp. 75-84.

‘Diaghileff and His Period.’ Dance News  15:2 (August 1949), 6.

‘Recording the Ballet.’ Dance Observer  17:9 (November 1950), 132-33.

‘Création d’un ballet.’ [7 October 1931]. Revue chorégraphique de Paris  (May 1952), 9.

‘La Peinture et la danse.’ Le Figaro  (Paris), 10-11 May 1952.

‘The Met at Work: Directing a Rake.’  House program, Metropolitan Opera, New York, 16 February 1953 et seq.

‘George Balanchine Writes’ [guest columnist, Dorothy Kilgallen’s syndicated Voice of Broadway]. Times-Herald  (Olean, New York), 24 June 1954.

‘From There I See Patterns…’ Greek Theatre Magazine  (Los Angeles) 19-31 July 1954.

‘Ivesiana.’ Center  1:5 (August-September 1954), 5.

‘George Platt Lynes.’ Souvenir program, New York City Ballet, 1956. Reprinted in George Platt Lynes: Photographs 1931-1955, by Jack Woody. Los Angeles: Twelvetrees Press, 1983.

‘A Word from George Balanchine.’ Playbill  (New York), 25 November 1957 et seq. Reprinted in Dance Magazine 32:1 (January 1958), 34-35.

‘A Letter from George Balanchine.’ Ballet Annual  15 (1961), 55. A tribute to Frederick Ashton.

‘At Last Congress Listens’ (with others). Dance Magazine  36:2 (February 1962), 34-35.

‘Balanchine Talks to Russia about His Artistic Credo.’ Dance News  41:4 (December 1962), 5. Excerpted from The Soviet Artist (Moscow), October 1962.

Now Everybody Wants to Get Into the Act.’ Life  58 (11 June 1965), 94A-98, 100, 102.

‘From Ballet into Movie: Balanchine Tells How.’ World Journal Tribune  (New York), 16 April 1967.

‘La Mauvaise Musique inspire…’ and ‘La Musique de Stravinsky et la danse.’ House program, Paris Opéra, 7 April 1978 et seq.

II. Books Relating to Balanchine

Amberg, George. Ballet in America: The Emergence of an American Art.  New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1949. Includes discussions of Balanchine’s work in the chapters ‘The Ballet Russe III – Americanization,’ ‘Lincoln Kirstein I – The Foundations,’ ‘Lincoln Kirstein II – The Performance,’ ‘The Musical Comedy.’

Anawalt, Sasha. The Joffrey Ballet: Robert Joffrey and the Making of an American Dance Company. New York: Scribner, 1996. Includes discussions of Balanchine ballets danced by the company.

Anderson, Jack. The Nutcracker Ballet.  London: Bison, 1979. Includes a discussion of Balanchine’s 1954 New York City Ballet production.

Anderson, Jack. The One and Only: The Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo. Brooklyn, New York: Dance Horizons, 1981. Includes information on Balanchine’s association with and choreography for the company.

Ashley, Merrill. Dancing For Balanchine. New York: Dutton, 1984. Includes account of training in the Balanchine technique.

Baburina, N. And Avvakumov, M. Russian Soviet Ballet in Posters.  Moscow: Panorama, 1991.

Balanchine 100: Centennial Exhibition. Preface by Edward Bigelow.  Executive Editor Christopher Ramsey. New York: New York City Ballet, 2004. Lavishly illustrated catalogue of an exhibition mounted at the New York State Theater in 2004. Includes ‘How I Became a Dancer and Choreographer’ and ‘On Producing Ballets’ by George Balanchine.

Balanchine 100: A Commemorative Journal.  Edited by Christopher Ramsey. Preface by Peter Martins. New York: New York City Ballet, 2004. Includes essays ‘Balanchine and Tschaikovsky’s Ballets’ (Roland John Wiley); ‘Balanchine: Stage and Screen’ (Nancy Reynolds); ‘European Music Festival’ (Andrea Quinn); ‘Balanchine and Russian Music’ (Solomon Volkov); ‘Balanchine and American Music’ (Deborah Weisgall). With many illustrations.

The Ballet Society 1946-1947.  New York: Ballet Society, 1947. Includes general information on Ballet Society; sections on the ballets The Spellbound Child, The Four Temperaments, Renard, and Divertimento, and on the School of American Ballet.

Les Ballets 1933.  Brighton: Royal Pavilion, Art Gallery & Museums, 1987. Catalogue of an exhibition held Dec. 19, 1987 to Jan. 31, 1988.

Les Ballets 1933.  Saratoga Springs: National Museum of Dance, 1990. Catalogue of an exhibition held May 24-Dec. 7, 1990. The essays and reproductions differ from the Brighton catalogue (above).

Ballets Russes to Balanchine: Dance at the Wadsworth Atheneum.  Hartford, Conn.: Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, 2004. Exhibition catalogue.

Banes, Sally. Dancing Women: Female Bodies On Stage.  New York/London: Routledge, 1998. Includes a discussion of Balanchine’s Agon.

Barnes, Clive. Ballet in Britain Since the War.  London: C. A. Watts, 1953. Chapter titled ‘The American Visiting Companies’ includes an analysis of Balanchine’s work, pp. 75-77.

Barnes, Clive. Nureyev.  New York: Helene Obolensky, 1982. Includes discussions of the dancer’s interpretations of various Balanchine roles, including his creation of Cléonte in Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme.

Baryshnikov, Mikhail. Baryshnikov at Work: Mikhail Baryshnikov Discusses His Roles. Edited and introduced by Charles Engell France. With photographs by Martha Swope. New York: Knopf, 1976. Includes a chapter on Theme and Variations.

Beaton, Cecil. Ballet.  London/New York: Wingate, 1951. Describes Balanchine’s work in Europe in the early 1930s, including Cotillon, ‘Luna Park’ from the 1930 Cochran Revue, L’Errante, and dances for Sir Oswald Stoll’s variety shows, pp. 41, 48-49, 53-55.

Beaumont, Cyril W. Complete Book of Ballets.  London: Putnam, 1937/New York: Grosset and Dunlap, 1938. Includes descriptions of The Triumph of Neptune, La Chatte, The Gods Go A-Begging, Le Fils Prodigue, and Cotillon, as well as a brief biography of Balanchine and an excerpt from an interview published in Dance Journal, August-October 1931.

Beaumont, Cyril W. Ballets of Today: Being a Second Supplement to the Complete Book of Ballets.  London: Putnam, 1954. Includes descriptions of Ballet Imperial, Orpheus, and Night Shadow.

Beaumont, Cyril W. The Diaghilev Ballet in London: A Personal Record.  Third edition. London: Adam and Charles Black, 1951. Includes descriptions of Balanchine’s work for Diaghilev.

Belova, Ekaterina P., Dobrovolskaia, Galina N., Krasovskaia, Vera M., Souritz, Elizabeth IA., and Chernova, Natalia U. (eds.). Russkii balet entsiklopediia (Russian Ballet Encyclopedia). Moscow: Soglasie, 1997. An updated, revised, and augmented successor to Yuri Grigorovich’s 1981 encyclopedia, it includes expanded articles on Balanchine and many of his associates.

Bentley, Toni. Winter Season: A Dancer’s Journal.  New York: Random House, 1982/Vintage, 1984. An account of the 1980-81 winter season of the New York City Ballet.

Bentley, Toni. Costumes by Karinska.  New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1995. Includes discussions of the many Balanchine ballets designed by Karinska.

Billman, Larry. Film Choreographers and Dance Directors: An Illustrated Bibliographical Encyclopedia, with a History and Filmographies, 1893 through 1995.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., Publishers, 1997. Balanchine’s work in Hollywood is discussed in the historical section; a brief biography and filmography is also included.

Brockway, Merrill, Surprise Was My Teacher: Memories and Confessions of a Television Producer/Director Who Came of Age During Television’s Adolescence. Santa Fe, NM: Sunstone Press , 2010, 207 pages. Includes, among others, references to Balanchine’s work on PBS Dance in America.

Buckle, Richard. Buckle at the Ballet: Selected Criticism. London: Dance Books/New York Atheneum, 1980.  Includes reviews of New York City Ballet performances.

Buckle, Richard. Diaghilev.  London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson/New York: Atheneum, 1979. Includes information on Balanchine’s association with the Ballets Russes.

Buckle, Richard. In the Wake of Diaghilev.  New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1983.

Buckle, Richard, in collaboration with John Taras. George Balanchine, Ballet Master: A Biography.  New York: Random House/London: Hamish Hamilton, 1998.

Caras, Steven. Balanchine: Photo Album and Memoir.  With a Memoir by Peter Martins. New York: Rizzoli, 1985.

A Celebration of George Balanchine: The Television Work.  New York: The Museum of Broadcasting, 1984. Catalogue of an exhibition held Sept. 21-Nov. 15, 1984. Among the articles is ‘Television and Ballet,’ an interview of Balanchine by Bernard Taper, originally published in The Eighth Art (1962). Also includes a list of Balanchine’s works for television.

Chujoy, Anatole. The New York City Ballet.  New York: Knopf, 1953.

Clarke, Mary. The Sadler’s Wells Ballet: A History and an Appreciation.  London: A. and C. Black/New York: Macmillan, 1955. Includes a description and analysis of Balanchine’s 1950 staging of Ballet Imperial for the company, pp. 248-50, 254.    

Cluvel, Magdeleine. Glimpses of the Theatre and Dance.  Introductory letter by Michel de Ghelderode. Translated by Lily and Baird Hastings. New York: Kamin, 1953. Includes section on Balanchine.

Coe, Robert. Dance in America.  New York: Dutton, 1985. A history of the PBS television Dance in America series with complete listing of productions and casting.

Cohen, Selma Jeanne (ed.). Dance as a Theatre Art: Source Readings in Dance History from 1581 to the Present.  New York: Harper and Row, 1974. Includes reprint of the article: Balanchine, George, ‘Work in Progress’ [interview with Louis Botto] (1972), pp. 187-92.

Conrad, Christine. Jerome Robbins: That Broadway Man, That Ballet Man.  London: Booth-Clibborn Editions, 2000. Includes photographs and text on Robbins’s work as dancer and artistic director with New York City Ballet.

Copeland, Roger and Cohen, Marshall (eds.). What is Dance? Readings in Theory and Criticism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983. Includes reprints of the following articles: Levin, David Michael, ‘Balanchine’s Formalism’ (1973), pp. 123-45; Denby, Edwin, ‘Three Sides of Agon’ (1957), pp. 446-53, and ‘A Balanchine Masterpiece’ (Concerto Barocco) (1945), pp. 454-55; Croce, Arlene, ‘Momentous’ (The Four Temperaments) (1975), pp. 459-64.

Costas (photographs and ed.). Balanchine: Celebrating a Life in Dance. Windsor, Connecticut, Tide-Mark Press, 2003. Lavish illustrations in color and black-and-white of fifty Balanchine ballets, with commentary by dance critics and by dancers who worked with Balanchine on the ballets in question. New York City Ballet, Bolshoi Ballet, and Kirov Ballet are the principal companies represented. Many shots of Balanchine in rehearsal.

Crisp, Clement, and Clarke, Mary. Making a Ballet.  London: Studio Vista, 1974/New York: Macmillan, 1975. Balanchine is among the choreographers analyzed and quoted.

Croce, Arlene. Afterimages.  New York: Knopf, 1977.

Croce, Arlene. Going to the Dance.  New York: Knopf, 1982.

Croce, Arlene. Sightlines.  New York: Knopf, 1987.

Croce, Arlene. Writing in the Dark, Dancing in The New Yorker.  New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2000. Collected reviews from the 1970s to the 1990s, including reviews of Balanchine ballets performed by the New York City Ballet and other companies.

Daly, Ann. Critical Gestures: Writings on Dance and Culture.  Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press, 2002. Includes the essay ‘The Balanchine Woman: Of Hummingbirds and Channel Swimming’ (1987).

d’Amboise, Christopher. Leap Year: A Year in the Life of a Dancer.  Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1982.

Dance Index  4:2, 3 (February-March 1945): ‘George Balanchine.’ Includes ‘Notes on Choreography’ by George Balanchine, ‘Balanchine’s Choreography’ (1930) by Agnes de Mille, ‘A Note on Balanchine’s Present Style’ by Edwin Denby, ‘Ballets by George Balanchine,’ ‘Musicals with Choreography by George Balanchine,’ and ‘Motion Pictures with Choreography by George Balanchine.’

Danilova, Alexandra. Choura: The Autobiography of Alexandra Danilova.  New York: Knopf, 1986. Includes descriptions of Danilova’s lifelong personal and professional relationship with Balanchine, including their years with Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes, Sergei Denham’s Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, and later at the School of American Ballet.

Deakin, Irving. Ballet Profile.  New York: Dodge, 1936. Chapter titled ‘Georgei Melitonovitch Balanchivadze’ gives a detailed biography.

Denby, Edwin. Dance Writings & Poetry.  Robert Cornfield (ed.). New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998. Includes reviews and articles on Balanchine and his American companies.

Denby, Edwin. Dancers, Buildings and People in the Streets.  New York: Horizon, 1965. Includes reviews of New York City Ballet performances; also the articles ‘Some Thoughts about Classicism and George Balanchine’ and ‘Balanchine Choreographing.’

Denby, Edwin. Dance Writings.  Robert Cornfield and William Mackay (eds.). New York: Knopf, 1986. Includes essays, reviews, and program notes on Balanchine, the American Ballet, American Ballet Caravan, Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, Ballet Society, and the New York City Ballet.

Denby, Edwin. Looking at the Dance.  New York; Horizon, 1949. Includes reviews of Balanchine’s works for Denham’s Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo in the 1940s, the Original Ballet Russe (Balustrade), and the New Opera Company (Ballet Imperial).

Detaille, Georgés and Mulys, Gerard. Les Ballets de Monte Carlo 1911-1944. Paris: Éditions Arc-en-Ciel, 1954. Includes information about, synopses and photographs of Balanchine ballets performed in Monte Carlo by Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes, de Basil’s Ballets Russes de Monte Carlo, and Ballets de Monte Carlo (René Blum).

de Valois, Ninette. Come Dance with Me: A Memoir, 1898-1956.  London: Hamish Hamilton/Cleveland/New York: World, 1957. Describes Balanchine’s first days with Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes, including his teaching Marche Funèbre to the company, pp. 83-84.

de Valois, Ninette. Invitation to the Ballet.  London: Bodley Head, 1937/New York: Oxford University Press, 1938. Includes brief comments on Balanchine’s work for Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes and Les Ballets 1933.

de Valois, Ninette. Step by Step.  London: W. H. Allen, 1977. Chapter titled ‘Diaghilev’ contains a brief description of Balanchine’s performance as Grandfather of the Fair in Petrouchka.

Divoire, Fernand. Pour la danse.  Paris: Éditions de la Danse, 1935. Describes works choreographed for Les Ballets 1933, including Fastes, L’Errante, Les Sept Péchés Capitaux, pp. 122-24.

Dolin, Anton. Divertissement.  London: S. Low, Marston, 1931. Briefly mentions Balanchine and his ballets in a description of the final years of the Diaghilev company, pp. 195, 200-201, 205-6; describes how Dolin, Balanchine and Lydia Lopokova learned of Diaghilev’s death during the filming of Dark Red Roses, pp. 212-15.

Dolin, Anton. The Sleeping Ballerina: The Story of Olga Spessivtzeva.  London: Frederick Muller, 1966. Describes her creation of the title role in La Chatte, pp. 46-49.

Drew, David (ed.). The Decca Book of Ballet.  London: Frederick Muller, 1958. Includes descriptions of many Balanchine ballets.

Drummond, John. Speaking of Diaghilev.  London/Boston: Faber and Faber, 1997. Includes discussions of Balanchine and his works for the Ballets Russes.

Duberman, Martin. The Worlds of Lincoln Kirstein. New York, Knopf, 2007. Detailed biography of Kirstein, with Balanchine material throughout.

Duke, Vernon. Passport to Paris.  Boston: Little, Brown, 1955. Includes information on Balanchine’s years with Diaghilev and on his musical comedy collaborations with Duke.

Dunning, Jennifer. But First a School.  New York: Viking, 1985. A history of the first fifty years of the School of American Ballet, with chapters on training for the Balanchine style.

Eakins Press Foundation. George Balanchine: A Catalogue of Works.  Leslie George Katz, Nancy Lassalle, Harvey Simmonds, Project Directors, Nancy Reynolds, Research Director. With a Preface by Lincoln Kirstein. New York: Eakins, 1983/Viking Penguin, 1984 (which includes addenda with revisions and additional material). Complete, authoritative record of the more than 400 works choreographed and directed by Balanchine. A comprehensive source of information covering every ballet, dances for opera, musical theater, film, and television. Each entry gives full details for music, production, and premiere cast, with notes on the work, revisions, and stagings.

Ezrahi, Christina, Swans of the Kremlin: Ballet and Power in Soviet Russia. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2012. The inner workings of the two major ballet companies – the Bolshoi and the Kirov – during the first fifty years of the Soviet Union (until 1968), described as a continuing negotiation involving politics, ideology, and art. Includes brief references to Balanchine and the New York City Ballet.

Farrell, Suzanne. Holding On to the Air: An Autobiography. By Suzanne Farrell with Toni Bentley. New York: Summit Books, 1990. An autobiography of the ballerina who was one of Balanchine’s most important interpreters. Reprint with new introduction, Gainesville, Fla.: University Press of Florida, 2002.

Fehl, Fred. At New York City Ballet.  Edited by Don Daniels and Marvin Hoshino; introduced by Francis Mason. New York: Dance Research Foundation, 1991. Collection of photographs by a noted dance photographer.

Fisher, Barbara Milberg. In Balanchine’s Company: A Dancer’s Memoir. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2006. Memoir of a Balanchine Soloist of the late 1940’s to the mid-50’s, member of the original cast of Agon and veteran of the early struggles of the nascent New York City Ballet.

Fisher, Jennifer. ‘Nutcracker’ Nation: How an Old World Ballet Became a Christmas Tradition in the New World. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003. Includes a discussion of the influence of Balanchine’s Nutcracker.

Fleming, Bruce. Sex, Art, and Audience: Dance Essays.  New York: P. Lang, 2000. The essay ‘Balanchine at Opryland’ describes the taping of Balanchine’s Robert Schumann’s Davidsbündlertänze in Nashville. Balanchine and his works are also discussed in other essays.

Fokine, Michel. Memoirs of a Ballet Master.  Translated by Vitale Fokine, edited by Anatole Chujoy. London: Constable/Boston: Little, Brown, 1961. Includes material on Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes.

Foster, Susan Leigh. Reading Dancing: Bodies and Subjects in Contemporary American Dance.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986. Includes a section on Balanchine’s choreography.

Franks, A. H. Twentieth Century Ballet.  London: Burke/New York: Pitman, 1954. Includes a chapter on Balanchine.

Freeman, Gillian and Thorpe, Edward. Ballet Genius: Twenty Great Dancers of the Twentieth Century.  Wellingborough, Northamptonshire, England: Equation, 1988. Includes chapters on Suzanne Farrell and Peter Martins of the New York City Ballet.

Gale, Joseph. I Sang for Diaghilev: Michel Pavloff’s Merry Life.  Brooklyn, New York: Dance Horizons, 1982. Information on Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes.

Garafola, Lynn. Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1989. Includes discussions of Balanchine’s works for the Ballets Russes.

Garafola, Lynn and Baer, Nancy Van Norman (eds.). The Ballets Russes and Its World.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999. Collection of essays by various authors; includes discussions of Balanchine and his works for the Ballets Russes. Nancy Reynolds’s essay ‘In His Image: Diaghilev and Kirstein’ extends the discussion to Balanchine’s companies in America.

Garafola, Lynn and Foner, Eric (eds.). Dance for a City: Fifty Years of the New York City Ballet.  New York: Columbia University Press, 1999.

García-Márquez, Vicente. The Ballets Russes: Colonel de Basil’s Ballets Russes de Monte Carlo, 1931-1952. New York: A. Knopf, 1990. Includes sections on ballets choreographed by Balanchine for the company.

García-Márquez, Vicente. Massine: A Biography.  New York: Knopf, 1995. Includes material on Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes.

Garfunkel, Trudy. On Wings of Joy: The Story of Ballet from the 16th Century to Today.  Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1984. Balanchine occupies a prominent place in this historical overview for young readers.

Garis, Robert. Following Balanchine.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995. Analysis of Balanchine’s ballets by a longtime observer.

Gayevsky, Vadim. Divertissement: Sud’by klassicheskogo baleta (Divertissement: The Fortunes of the Classical Ballet). Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1981. A series of essays on classical ballet by a distinguished and highly original Russian dance scholar. The chapter ‘An essay on Balanchine’ looks at Balanchine ballets presented in the Soviet Union by New York City Ballet and the Paris Opéra Ballet and includes a structural and aesthetic analysis of Symphony in C. It is considered a breakthrough in Russian dance criticism.

Gayevsky, Vadim. Dom Petipa (The House of Petipa).  Moscow: ART [Artist, Regisseur, Teatr], 2000. The chapter ‘Balanchine Way’ considers what Balanchine took from Petipa and where he then departed from Petipa’s philosophy and techniques. Analysis of Apollo, Serenade, and Agon.

George Balanchine: A Life’s Journey in Dance.  Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Theatre Collection, 2004. Checklist of an exhibition held Apr. 14-Aug. 27, 2004.

Geva, Tamara. Split Seconds: A Remembrance.  New York, Harper & Row, 1972. Describes Balanchine’s life and early works in Russia, the tour of the Principal Dancers of the Russian State Ballet, work for Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes, arrival in America, first performance of the American Ballet (1935), and the musical comedy On Your Toes (1936).

Gold, Arthur and Fizdale, Robert. The Gold and Fizdale Cookbook.  New York: Random House, 1984. Chapter titled ‘Cooking with Balanchine’ includes his recipes.

Goldner, Nancy. Balanchine Variations. Gainesville, University Press of Florida, 2008. Brief, exceedingly pithy essays on sixteen Balanchine ballets and the 1972 Stravinsky Festival by a critic who has observed Balanchine over many years.

Goldner, Nancy. The Stravinsky Festival of the New York City Ballet.  New York: Eakins, 1973.

Goldner, Nancy and Kirstein, Lincoln. Coppélia: New York City Ballet.  New York: Eakins, 1974.

Goode, Gerald (ed.). The Book of Ballets: Classic and Modern.  New York: Crown, 1939. Includes descriptions of Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme, La Chatte, La Concurrence, Cotillon, and Les Dieux Mendiants.

Gosling, Nigel. Prowling the Pavements: Selected Art Writings, 1950-1980: In Memory.  Compiled and edited by Robert Tracy. Philadelphia: Winchell Co., 1986. Includes the essay ‘George Balanchine’ (1952).

Gottlieb, Robert. George Balanchine: The Ballet Maker.  New York: Harper Collins/Atlas Books, 2004. Brief biography for the non-specialist. Includes Balanchine’s ‘Mr. B Talks About Ballet,’ originally published Life Magazine, June 11, 1965.

Green, Martin and Swan, John. The Triumph of Pierrot.  New York: Macmillan, 1986. Discusses Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes and the New York City Ballet.

Greskovic, Robert. Ballet 101: A Complete Guide to Learning and Loving the Ballet.  New York: Hyperion, 1998. Includes a chapter on Balanchine’s Apollo.

Grigoriev, Serge Leonidovich. The Diaghilev Ballet 1909-1929.  Translated and edited by Vera Bowen. London: Constable, 1953. Reprinted, Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin, 1960; Brooklyn, New York: Dance Horizons, 1974. Includes information on Balanchine’s association with the Ballet Russes, 1924-29.

Grigorovich, Yuri (ed.). Balet entsiklopediia (Ballet Encyclopedia).   Moscow: Sovetskaia entsiklopediia, 1981. Includes articles on Balanchine and a number of his associates.

Gruen, John. Erik Bruhn: Danseur Noble.  New York: Viking, 1979. Includes a chapter describing Bruhn’s season with the New York City Ballet, 1959-60, and discusses his appearances with the company in 1963.

_____. The Private World of Ballet. New York: Viking, 1975. Includes an interview with Balanchine (1972), and interviews with a number of his associates and dancers of the New York City Ballet.

Guest, Ivor. Le Ballet de l’Opéra de Paris: Trois siècles d’histoire et de tradition. Translated by Paul Alexandre.  Paris: Théâtre National de l’Opéra/Flammarion, 1976. Includes Balanchine’s works choreographed and staged for the company.

Haddakin, Edward [A.V. Coton]. A Prejudice for Ballet. London: Methuen, 1938. Includes descriptions of Cotillon and Aubade, pp. 73-76, 121.

Haddakin, Edward [A. V. Coton]. Writings on Dance, 1938-68. Selected and edited by Kathrine Sorley Walker and Lilian Haddakin. London: Dance Books, 1975. Includes reviews of New York City Ballet performances.

Haggin, Bernard H. Ballet Chronicle.  New York: Horizon, 1970. Reviews from 1947 to 1970 include discussions of Balanchine’s works for Ballet Theatre, Ballet Society, and the New York City Ballet.

Haggin, Bernard H. Discovering Balanchine.  New York: Horizon, 1981. Includes biographical material and accounts of personal encounters with Balanchine in a short text accompanied by many photographs.

Hall, Fernau. An Anatomy of Ballet.  London: A. Melrose, 1953/New York (titled World Dance): A. A. Wyn, 1954. Chapter titled ‘Post-Expressionist Pseudo-Classicism’ includes a section on Balanchine and a section on his companies from Les Ballets 1933 to the New York City Ballet. Briefly discusses Balanchine’s work for Denham’s Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo (1944-46), pp. 416-417.

Hall, Fernau. Modern English Ballet: An Interpretation.  London: Andrew Melrose, 1950. Discusses Balanchine’s work for Diaghilev and his choreographic style, pp. 59, 61-62.

Harris, Jill Werman (ed.). Remembrances and Celebrations: A Book of Eulogies, Elegies, Letters, and Epitaphs.   New York: Pantheon Books, 1999. Includes an essay on Balanchine by Arthur Gold and Robert Fizdale.

Haskell, Arnold L. Balletomania: The Study of an Obsession.  London: Gollancz/New York: Simon & Schuster, 1934. Reprinted with additional material as Balletomania: Then and Now, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson/New York: Knopf, 1977. Chapter titled ‘Four Choreographers’ includes a section on Balanchine.

Haskell, Arnold. Diaghileff: His Artistic and Private Life.  In Collaboration with Walter Nouvel. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1935. Reprinted by Da Capo, 1978. Discusses Balanchine’s ballets for Diaghilev.

Hastings, Baird. Choreographer and Composer: Theatrical Dance and Music in Western Culture.  Boston: Twayne, 1983. Includes ‘The Collaboration of George Balanchine and Igor Stravinsky,’ pp. 122-60.

Hodgins, Paul. Relationships Between Score and Choreography in Twentieth-Century Dance: Music, Movement, and Metaphor.  Lewiston, N.Y.: E. Mellen Press, 1992. Includes analyses of Apollon Musagète, Orpheus, and Agon.

Hogan, Ann, ed. Balanchine Then and Now. Paris, the University of Paris, 2008. Thirteen essays and interviews by scholars, dancers, and other theatrical figures, including Robert Wilson and Richard Alston, as well as those more closely associated with Balanchine. Beautifully printed illustrations.

Hooks, Margaret. Surreal Eden: Edward James and Las Pozas. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2007. Discusses Edward James’s funding of Balanchine’s Les Ballets 1933 as a showcase for his wife, Tilly Losch, pp.25-26.

Howard, Ruth Eleanor. The Story of the American Ballet.  New York: Ihra, 1936. Discusses Balanchine’s activities in founding the School of American Ballet and leading up to the formation of the American Ballet, with a history of the company until its association with the Metropolitan Opera. Provides lists and brief biographies of dancers; lists of repertory and opera ballets.

International Encyclopedia of Dance.  New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. 6 vols. Includes ‘George Balanchine’ by Arlene Croce; ‘Lincoln Kirstein’ by Nancy Reynolds; ‘Jerome Robbins’ by Doris Hering; ‘New York City Ballet’ by Robert Garis and Anita Finkel; and related articles.

Johnson, Wayne. Let’s Go On: Pacific Northwest Ballet at 25.  Seattle: Documentary Book Publishers, 1997. Includes reminiscences of Balanchine by the company’s artistic directors Francia Russell and Kent Stowell, former members of New York City Ballet.

Jordan, Stephanie. Moving Music: Dialogues with Music in Twentieth-Century Ballet.  London: Dance Books, 2000. Includes a chapter on Balanchine.

Jordan, Stephanie. Stravinsky Dances: Re-Visions across a Century. London, Dance Books, 2007. Includes extensive close musical analysis of Balanchine’s choreography, with particular emphasis on Movements for Piano and Orchestra and Divertimento from ‘Le Baiser de la Fée’. Many musical examples. Chapters also on Frederick Ashton, Les Noces, and Le Sacre du Printemps.

Jordan, Stephanie (ed. and intro.), Fedor Lopukhov: Writings on Ballet and Music.  Translated by Dorinda Offord. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press, 2002. Includes selections from The Ballet Master and his Art (also known as Paths of a Ballet Master) and Choreographic Revelations. Theoretical writings by a Russian choreographer who influenced Balanchine.

Joseph, Charles M. Stravinsky & Balanchine: A Journey of Invention.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002.

Jowitt, Deborah. Dance Beat: Selected Views and Reviews, 1967-1976.  New York: Dekker, 1977. Includes reviews of New York City Ballet performances.

Jowitt, Deborah. Jerome Robbins: His Life, His Theater, His Dance.  London/New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004. A detailed, extensively researched biography of the great American-born choreographer, who spent many years with the New York City Ballet and whose life and work intersected with Balanchine’s on many occasions.

Jowitt, Deborah. Time and the Dancing Image.  New York: William Morrow, 1988. The chapter ‘Forward to Petipa’ includes an analysis of Balanchine’s choreography.

Kameneff, Vladimir. Russian Ballet through Russian Eyes.  London: Russian Books and Library, 1936. Includes brief comments on La Chatte, Cotillon, and La Concurrence, pp. 21-22, 31; description of the first scene of Apollon Musagète, p. 33.

Kanin, Garson. Hollywood.  New York: Viking, 1974. Includes reminiscences of Balanchine’s meetings with Samuel Goldwyn during the filming of The Goldwyn Follies, pp. 108-13.

Kaye, Elizabeth. The American Ballet Theatre: A 25-Year Retrospective. Text by Elizabeth Kaye; foreword by Clive Barnes. Kansas City: Andrews McNeel Pub., 1999. Includes photographs and text on Balanchine ballets in the repertory.

Kendall, Elizabeth, Balanchine and the Lost Muse: Revolution and the Making of a Choreographer. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013. Balanchine’s early life in the Soviet Union placed in the larger political and cultural context of the times. Includes detailed new material about his family, his schooling, and his first choreography. The ‘muse’ is Lydia Ivanova, a promising dancer who drowned under mysterious circumstances just as she, Balanchine, and a few others were preparing to leave the country in 1924.

Kent, Allegra. Once a Dancer . . . .  New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997. Autobiography of a former principal dancer with New York City Ballet.

Kirkland, Gelsey. Dancing On My Grave.  Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1986. Includes an account of the author’s training at the School of American Ballet and her years with the New York City Ballet.

Kirstein, Lincoln. Ballet: Bias & Belief: ‘Three Pamphlets Collected’ and Other Dance Writings of Lincoln Kirstein.  With Introduction and Comments by Nancy Reynolds. Brooklyn, New York: Dance Horizons, 1983. A selection of Kirstein’s writings from 1930 to 1978, with Postscript (1982).

Kirstein, Lincoln. Blast at Ballet: A Corrective for the American Audience. New York: Lincoln Kirstein, 1938. Reprinted in Three Pamphlets Collected, Brooklyn, New York: Dance Horizons, 1967. Includes information on Balanchine’s early years in America and the activities of the American Ballet, including its association with the Metropolitan Opera.

Kirstein, Lincoln. By With To & From: A Lincoln Kirstein Reader.  Edited by Nicholas Jenkins. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1991. In this collection of essays, the section headed ‘Dance’ contains discussions of Balanchine.

Kirstein, Lincoln. Dance: A Short History of Classic Theatrical Dancing.  New York: Putnam, 1935. Reprinted, Brooklyn, New York: Dance Horizons, 1969. Anniversary edition, Princeton: Dance Horizons/Princeton Book Company, 1987. With an appreciation by Nancy Reynolds. Discusses Balanchine’s early life in Russia, his years with Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes, his work for the Royal Danish Ballet and de Basil’s Ballets Russes de Monte Carlo, Les Ballets 1933, and his early work in America, pp. 309-11, 314-24.

Kirstein, Lincoln. Flesh Is Heir: An Historical Romance.  New York: Brewer, Warren & Putnam, 1932. Reprinted, Carbondale and Edwardsville, Illinois: Southern Illinois University Press, 1975. The chapter ‘Flesh Was Fair: 1929’ includes a description of Le Fils Prodigue, pp. 197-99.

Kirstein, Lincoln. ‘For John Martin: Entries from an Early Diary.’  Dance Perspectives 54 (1973). Describes Balanchine during the Paris and London seasons of Les Ballets 1933 and the discussions leading to his coming to America.

Kirstein, Lincoln. Lincoln Kirstein: A First Bibliography.  Compiled by Harvey Simmonds, Louis H. Silverstein, and Nancy Lassalle. New Haven: Yale University Library, 1978/New York: Eakins. Complete listing of Kirstein’s writings up to 1978 includes many about Balanchine.

Kirstein, Lincoln. Mosaic: Memoirs.  New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1994. Includes his reminiscences of his first contacts with Balanchine in 1933.

Kirstein, Lincoln. Movement and Metaphor: Four Centuries of Ballet.  New York: Praeger, 1970. Reprinted as Four Centuries of Ballet: Fifty Masterworks, New York: Dover, 1984. Includes chapters on Apollon Musagète, Orpheus, and Agon.

Kirstein, Lincoln. The New York City Ballet.  With photographs by George Platt Lynes and Martha Swope. New York: Knopf, 1973. A history drawn from Kirstein’s diaries, lavishly illustrated. Rev. ed., expanded to include years 1973-1978, issued without photos as Thirty Years: Lincoln Kirstein’s The New York City Ballet. New York : Knopf, 1978.

Kirstein, Lincoln. Portrait of Mr. B: Photographs of George Balanchine.  With additional material by Peter Martins, Edwin Denby, and Jonathan Cott. A Ballet Society Book. New York: Viking, 1984.

Kirstein, Lincoln. Program Notes. Edited by Randall Bourscheidt. New York: Eakins Press Foundation/Alliance for the Arts, 2009. Essays and program notes, 1934-1991, including many on Balanchine Ballets.

Kirstein, Lincoln. Thirty Years: Lincoln Kirstein’s New York City Ballet.  New York: Knopf, 1978. Text of the 1973 publication (without photographs) expanded to cover the period through 1978.

Kirstein, Lincoln. Union Jack: The New York City Ballet.  New York: Eakins, 1977.

Kochno, Boris. Diaghilev and the Ballets Russes.  New York: Harper & Row, 1970. (Diaghilev et les Ballets Russes. Paris: Fayard, 1973.) Includes discussions of Balanchine’s work for the company.

Kochno, Boris and Luz, Maria. Le Ballet.  Paris: Hachette, 1954. Discusses Balanchine’s ballets for Diaghilev, pp. 265-81; for de Basil’s Ballets Russes de Monte Carlo, pp. 293-98; for Les Ballets 1933, pp. 300-301; and for the Paris Opéra in 1947, pp. 338-39.

Koegler, Horst. Balanchine und das moderne Ballett.  Velbe bei Hannover: Friedrich, 1964.

Koegler, Horst. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Ballet. 2d edition, with corrections. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press, 1987. 5,000 entries covering all aspects of ballet.

Kragh-Jacobsen, Svend. Ballettens Blomstring ude og hjemme (The Flowering of the Ballet at Home and Abroad).  Copenhagen: R. Naver, 1945. Includes section on Balanchine.

Kristy, Davida. George Balanchine: American Ballet Master.  Minneapolis: Lerner Publications Co., 1996. Biography for young-adult readers.

Krokover, Rosalyn. The New Borzoi Book of Ballets.  New York: Knopf, 1956. Includes descriptions of many Balanchine ballets.

La Fosse, Robert. Nothing to Hide: A Dancer’s Life.  By Robert La Fosse with Andrew Mark Wentink. New York: D. I. Fine, 1987. Includes chapters on his experiences as a member of New York City Ballet.

Lawrence, Greg. Dance with Demons: The Life of Jerome Robbins.  New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 2001. Includes discussions of his work as dancer, artistic director, and ballet master with New York City Ballet.

Lawrence, Robert. The Victor Book of Ballets and Ballet Music.  New York: Simon & Schuster, 1950. Includes descriptions of many Balanchine ballets.

Lawson, Joan. A History of Ballet and Its Makers.  London: Pitman, 1964. Includes sections ‘George Balanchine and the Neo-classical Ballet’ (covering his work for Diaghilev) and ‘George Balanchine and the Neo-classical Ballet in America.’

Lee, Carol. Ballet in Western Culture: A History of Its Origins and Evolution.  Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1999. Includes a section on George Balanchine and Neoclassicism.

Leonard, Maurice. Markova: The Legend.  London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1995. Includes discussions of Alicia Markova’s creations in ballets made by Balanchine for Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes, among them Le Chant du Rossignol and La Chatte.

Levinson, André. La Danse d’aujourdhui: Études— Notes—Portraits.  Paris: Éditions Ducharte et Van Buggenhoudt, 1929. Discusses Balanchine’s work for Diaghilev in the chapter ‘Grandeur et décadence des Ballets Russes’; Le Chant du Rossignol and Apollon Musagète are also discussed in the chapter ‘Stravinsky et la danse théâtrale.’

Levinson, André. Les Visages de la danse.  Paris: Éditions Bernard Grasset, 1933. Includes chapters ‘Derniers ballets de Diaghilew’; ‘Les Ballets Nemtchinova (1928 1930),’ ‘Aubade,’ pp. 62-63; ‘Georges Balanchine à Mogador: Offenbach et Les Ballets Russes d’Orphée aux Enfers’; Les Ballets Russes de Monte-Carlo (Ire saison 1932) (Cotillon, La Concurrence, Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme, pp. 70-76); ‘Les Ballets 1933 de Georges Balanchine.’

Lifar, Serge. Histoire du ballet russe depuis les origines jusqu’à nos jours.  Paris: Éditions Nagel, 1950. (A History of Russian Ballet from Its Origins to the Present Day. Translated by Arnold L. Haskell. London: Hutchinson, 1954.) Discusses Balanchine’s work for Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes, pp. 265-69, 273-75; and in the 1930s, p. 282 (London edition).

Lifar, Serge. Serge Diaghilev: His Life, His Work, His Legend.  New York: Putnam, 1940. (Serge de Diaghilew, sa vie, son oeuvre, sa légende. Monaco: Éditions du Rocher, 1954.) Includes a section ‘Balanchine as Choreographer’; also discusses roles danced by Lifar in Balanchine ballets.

Livingston, Lili Cockerille. American Indian Ballerinas.   Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1997. Includes biographical material on Maria Tallchief and her role as muse to Balanchine.

Looking at Ballet: Ashton and Balanchine, 1926-1936.  Compiled by Jane B. Roberts and David Vaughan; edited by David Vaughan and John V. Chapman. Pennington, N.J.: Princeton Periodicals, 1992. Part of the series Studies in Dance History 3:2 (1992).

Lopukhov, Fedor. Puti baletmeistera (Paths of a Ballet Master).  Berlin: Petropolis, 1925.

Lopukhov, Fedor. Shes’desiat let v balete: Vospominaniia i zapiski baletmeistera (Sixty Years in Ballet: A Balletmaster’s Notes and Memoirs).  Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1966. Lopukhov’s works provide background information on ballet in Russia in the early twentieth century.

Lynes, George Platt. Ballet.  Pasadena, California: Twelvetrees Press, 1985. Photographs (1934-53) of Balanchine ballets and dancers from the American Ballet, American Ballet Caravan, Ballet Caravan, Ballet Society, and New York City Ballet.

Macdonald, Nesta. Diaghilev Observed: By Critics in England and the United States, 1911-1929.  Brooklyn, New York: Dance Horizons/London: Dance Books, 1975. Includes reviews of Balanchine’s works for Diaghilev from 1926.

Maiorano, Robert and Brooks, Valerie. Mozartiana: The Making of a Masterpiece.  New York: Freundlich, 1985. Account of the re-making of Mozartiana for New York City Ballet’s Tschaikovsky Festival in 1981.

Markova, Dame Alicia. Markova Remembers.  Boston: Little, Brown, 1986. Discusses her years with Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes. Profusely illustrated.

Martin, John. World Book of Modern Ballet.  Cleveland/New York: World, 1952. Includes chapters titled ‘Balanchine Discovers America, (1933-41) and ‘America Discovers Balanchine’ (1946-52).

Martins, Peter and Cornfield, Robert. Far from Denmark.  Boston: Little, Brown, 1982. Account of Martins’s career and his years with Balanchine at the New York City Ballet.

Maryinsky Theater, et al. Vek Balanchina–The Balanchine Century, 1904–2004.  St. Petersburg: Aurora Design, 2004. Lavish exhibition catalogue of photos, documents, and costumes in St. Petersburg collections pertaining to Balanchine’s early life, supplemented by recent photos of New York City Ballet and Maryinsky productions of Balanchine’s works. Text in Russian, captions in Russian and English.

Mason, Francis (comp.). I Remember Balanchine: Recollections of the Ballet-Master by Those Who Knew Him.  New York: Doubleday, 1991. More than eighty interviews and reminiscences.

Massine, Léonide. My Life in Ballet.  London: Macmillan/New York: St. Martin’s, 1968. Includes material on Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes.

Maynard, Olga. The American Ballet.  Philadelphia: MacRae Smith, 1959. Includes sections ‘George Balanchine,’ ‘Balanchine’s American Ballet and Kirstein’s Ballet Caravan,’ ‘Ballet Society,’ ‘The New York City Ballet,’ and ‘The School of American Ballet.’

Mazo, Joseph H. Dance is a Contact Sport.  New York: Saturday Review Press/Dutton, 1974. Account of a season (1973) spent with the New York City Ballet.

McDonagh, Don. George Balanchine.  Boston: Twayne, 1983. Biography of Balanchine.

Merlin, Olivier. Stravinsky.  Paris: Hachette, 1968. Includes an interview with Balanchine on Agon and the approaching New York City Ballet tour of the Soviet Union (1962).

Meyerowitz, Joel. George Balanchine’s The Nutcracker.  Photographed and told by Joel Meyerowitz. Boston: Little, Brown, 1993. Photographs taken from the film production by the New York City Ballet.

Michaut, Pierre. Le Ballet contemporain 1929-1950.  Paris: Librairie Plon, 1950. Discusses Balanchine’s work for Diaghilev, pp. 2-3; Créatures de Prométhée, pp. 37-41; his work for de Basil’s Ballets Russes de Monte Carlo, pp. 66-75; for Les Ballets 1933, pp. 103-8; for the Grand Ballet du Marquis de Cuevas, pp. 341-43; for the Paris Opéra in 1947, pp. 352-59.

Mikhailov, Mikhail. Molodyie gody leningradskogo baleta (Young Years of the Leningrad Ballet).  Leningrad: Iskusstvo, 1978.

Mikhailov, Mikhail. Zhizn’v balete (My Life in Ballet).  Leningrad: Iskusstvo, 1966. Excerpts from Chapter 2 published as ‘My Classmate: Georges Balanchivadze’ in Dance News 50:3, 4, 5 (March, April, May 1967), 12, 6, 8-9.

Minnelli, Vincente and Arce, Hector. I Remember It Well.  Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1974. Includes a description of Balanchine’s choreography for the ‘Words without Music’ ballet in the 1936 Ziegfeld Follies, p. 79.

Mitoma, Judy (ed.), Zimmer, Elizabeth (text ed.), and Stieber, Dale Ann (DVD ed.). Envisioning Dance on Film and Video. New York/London: Routledge, 2002. Includes Robert Greskovic’s ‘The Master and the Movies: Barbara Horgan on George Balanchine’s Work with Television and Film,’ and Nancy Reynolds’s ‘Two Worlds of Balanchine: The George Balanchine Foundation Video Archives’ (excerpts from which are included on the accompanying DVD).

Moore, Lillian. Artists of the Dance.  New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1938. Reprinted, Brooklyn, New York: Dance Horizons, 1969. Chapter titled ‘George Balanchine’ gives his biography to 1937.

Moore, Lillian. Echoes of American Ballet.  Edited and introduced by Ivor Guest. Brooklyn, New York: Dance Horizons, 1976. Chapter titled ‘The Metropolitan Opera Ballet, 1883-1951’ includes a brief discussion of Balanchine’s work for that company.


Nabokov, Nicolas. Old Friends and New Music.  Boston: Little, Brown, 1951. Chapter titled ‘Ode’ includes mentions of Balanchine during his years with Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes and briefly describes a rehearsal of Apollon Musagète. Chapters titled ‘Christmas with Stravinsky’ and ‘Stravinsky in Hollywood’ describe a visit made by the author, Balanchine, and Maria Tallchief at the time of the composition of Orpheus (1947).

Newman, Barbara. Grace under Pressure.  New York: Proscenium Publishers, Limelight Editions/London: Dance Books, 2003. Includes interviews with former Balanchine dancers Suki Schorer, Helgi Tomasson, Francia Russell, Violette Verdy, and Richard Thomas on teaching Balanchine’s principles and passing on the Balanchine style.

Newman, Barbara. Striking a Balance: Dancers Talk about Dancing.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1982. Includes interviews with Felia Doubrovska. Serge Lifar, Lew Christensen, Tanaquil Le Clercq, Desmond Kelly, Jean Pierre Bonnefous, Peter Martins, Merrill Ashley, and others, commenting on the performance of roles in the Balanchine repertory.

Nikitina, Alice. Nikitina, by Herself.  Translated by Baroness Budberg. London: Allan Wingate, 1959. Includes descriptions of her participation in Balanchine’s ballets for Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes (Barabau, La Chatte, Apollon Musagète, Le Bal), the 1930 Cochran’s Revue (‘Luna Park’), and her own 1932 recital in Paris.

Noguchi, Isamu. A Sculptor’s World.  Foreword by R. Buckminster Fuller. New York: Harper & Row, 1968. Noguchi’s autobiography includes discussion and photographs of designs for various ballets, including Balanchine’s Orpheus.

Palmer, Winthrop. Theatrical Dancing in America: The Development of the Ballet from 1900.  Second edition, revised. South Brunswick, New Jersey: A. S. Barnes/London: Thomas Yoseloff, 1978. Includes sections ‘The Abstract Ballets of George Balanchine after 1945’ and ‘The Repertoire of New York City Ballet’; chapter ‘Lincoln Kirstein’s American Ballet.’

Patelson, Alice. Portrait of a Dancer, Memories of Balanchine: An Autobiography.   New York: Vantage Press, 1995. Autobiography of a former member of New York City Ballet.

Payne, Charles, et al. American Ballet Theatre.  New York: Knopf, 1978. Includes information on works choreographed by Balanchine for ABT.

Pozharskaya, Militsa and Volodina, Tatiana. The Art of the Ballets Russes: The Russian Seasons in Paris, 1908-29.  Foreword by Clement Crisp; translated from the Russian by V. S. Friedman. London: Aurum Press, 1990. Includes designs for ballets choreographed by Balanchine for Diaghilev.

Propert, Walter Archibald. The Russian Ballet 1921-1929.  London: Bodley Head, 1931/New York: Greenberg, 1932. Includes discussions of Balanchine’s works for Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes.

Prose, Francine. The Lives of the Muses: Nine Women & the Artists They Inspired.  New York: HarperCollins Publications, 2002. Includes a chapter on Suzanne Farrell’s role as muse to Balanchine.

Rebling, Eberhard. Ballett A-Z: Ein Führer durch die Welt des Balletts.  Third edition. Wilhelmshaven: Heinrichsofens Verlag, 1977. Includes descriptions of Agon, The Card Party, The Four Temperaments, Orpheus, Prodigal Son, and The Seven Deadly Sins.

Regner, Otto Friedrich and Schneiders, Heinz-Ludwig. Reclams Ballett-führer.  Fifth edition, completely revised. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1972. Includes descriptions of many Balanchine ballets.

Reynolds, Nancy. Repertory in Review: Forty Years of the New York City Ballet.  New York: Dial, 1977. An analysis of every ballet produced by Balanchine-Kirstein companies, 1935-1976, with excerpts of reviews of the period by major critics.

Reynolds, Nancy and McCormick, Malcolm. No Fixed Points: Dance in the Twentieth Century.  New Haven:Yale University Press, 2003. Comprehensive history includes lengthy discussions of Balanchine’s contributions to and influence on dance in Europe and North America and a section on his work for film and the commercial stage.

Reynolds, Nancy and Reimer-Torn, Susan. In Performance: A Companion to the Classics of the Dance.  New York: Harmony, 1980. Includes a chapter on Balanchine and the ballets Apollo, Serenade, Concerto Barocco, The Four Temperaments, Pas de Dix, Agon, and Stars and Stripes.

Reynolds, Nancy, ed. Remembering Lincoln. New York, Ballet Society, 2007. Reminiscences of Lincoln Kirstein in honor of his centennial by those who knew him personally, including dancers, critics, artists, photographers, and neighbors. Includes two letters to Kirstein from Balanchine.

Ringer, Jenifer, Dancing Through It: My Journey in the Ballet. New York: Viking, 2014. The autobiography of the former principal dancer with the New York City Ballet. Includes a detailed analysis of Jerome Robbins’s Dances at a Gathering as it affected her personally.

Riobó, Julio F. and Cucullo, Carlos. El Arte del ballet en el Teatro Colón.  Buenos Aires: Corlena & Castro, 1945. Includes discussions of Apollon Musagète and Concierto de Mozart.

Robert, Grace. The Borzoi Book of Ballets.  New York: Knopf, 1946. Includes descriptions of Apollon Musagète, Le Baiser de la Fée, Ballet Imperial, Danses Concertantes, Waltz Academy; also discusses Prodigal Son.

Roseman, Janet Lynn. Dance Masters: Interviews with Legends of Dance.  New York: Routledge, 2001. Includes an interview with Edward Villella, a former principal dancer of New York City Ballet.

Roslavleva, Natalia. Era of the Russian Ballet.  London: Gollancz/New York: Dutton, 1966. Provides background information on ballet in the Soviet Union in the 1920s.

Ross, Lillian (ed.). The Fun of It: Stories from The Talk of the Town, The New Yorker.  New York: Modern Library, 2001. Includes ‘Met’s maître’ (1935), by Charles Cooke and Russell Maloney, a profile of Balanchine during his tenure as ballet master of the Metropolitan Opera, pp. 93-94.

Schaïkevitch, André. Olga Spessivtzeva, magicienne envoutée. Paris: Librairie les Lettres, 1954. Includes discussions of La Chatte , pp. 87-90; Les Créatures de Prométhée, pp. 98-99.

Scholl, Tim. From Petipa to Balanchine: Classical Revival and the Modernization of Ballet.  New York/London: Routledge, 1994. Includes an analysis of Balanchine’s neoclassical ballets.

Schorer, Suki. Balanchine Pointework.  With assistance and an afterword by Robert Greskovic; edited by Lynn Garafola; performance photographs by Martha Swope; studio demonstration photographs by Carol Rosegg/Martha Swope Associates. Society of Dance History Scholars, 1995. Part of Studies in Dance History new series 11 (1995).

Schorer, Suki. Suki Schorer on Balanchine Technique.  With Russell Lee. 700 photographs by Carol Rosegg. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1999. Detailed discussion of the finer points of Balanchine’s teaching.

Schouvaloff, Alexander. The Art of Ballets Russes: The Serge Lifar Collection of Theater Designs, Costumes, and Paintings at the Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, Connecticut.  New Haven: Yale University Press in association with the Hartford Atheneum, 1997. Includes designs for ballets by Balanchine.

Sharaff, Irene. Broadway and Hollywood: Costumes Designed by Irene Sharaff.  New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1976. Includes a description of the 1936 production of On Your Toes, pp. 30, 33.

Shearer, Moira. Balletmaster: A Dancer’s View of George Balanchine.   London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1986/New York: Putnam, 1987.

Siegel, Marcia B. At the Vanishing Point: A Critic Looks at Dance.  New York: Saturday Review Press, 1972. The section ‘Balanchine’s America’ includes reviews of New York City Ballet performances.

Siegel, Marcia B. The Shapes of Change: Images of American Dance.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1979. The chapter ‘Neoclassicism I’ includes discussions of Serenade and Concerto Barocco; the chapter ‘Balanchine’s America’ discusses The Four Temperaments, Ivesiana, Agon, and Episodes.

Siegel, Marcia B. Watching the Dance Go By.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1977. Includes reviews of New York City Ballet performances.

Slonimsky, Yuri. ‘Balanchine: The Early Years.’ Translated by John Andrews. Edited by Francis Mason. Ballet Review 5:3 (1975-76). Reprinted in Francis Mason (comp.), I Remember Balanchine. New York: Doubleday, 1991.

Smakov, Gennady. Baryshnikov: From Russia to the West.  New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1981. Includes a chapter titled ‘With Balanchine and Robbins.’

Sokolova, Lydia. Dancing for Diaghilev: The Memoirs of Lydia Sokolova. Edited by Richard Buckle.  London: Murray, 1960/New York: Macmillan, 1961. Includes descriptions of ballets choreographed by Balanchine for Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes.

Solway, Diane. Nureyev, His Life.  New York: William Morrow/London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1998. Includes discussions of Rudolf Nureyev’s contacts with Balanchine, his performances of Balanchine ballets, and his creation of the role of Cléonte in Balanchine’s Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme.

Sorrell, Walter. Looking Back in Wonder: Diary of a Dance Critic.  New York: Columbia University Press, 1986. Commentary on many Balanchine ballets.

Soto, Jock, Every Step You Take: A Memoir. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 2011. The autobiography of the former dancer with the New York City Ballet.

Souritz, Elizabeth. Soviet Choreographers in the 1920s.  Translated from the Russian by Lynn Visson; edited, with additional translation, by Sally Banes. Durham: Duke University Press, 1990. Includes a section ‘Georgi Melitonovich Balanchivadze and the Young Ballet.’

Sowell, Debra Hickenlooper. The Christensen Brothers: An American Dance Epic.  Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1998. Includes discussions of Lew Christensen’s experiences as a member of the American Ballet and American Ballet Caravan.

Steinberg, Cobbett (ed.). The Dance Anthology.  New York: New American Library, 1980. Includes reprints of the articles: Balanchine, George, ‘Notes on Choreography’ (1945), pp. 28-35, and ‘The Dance Element in Stravinsky’s Music’ (1947), pp. 149-52.

Stokes, Adrian. Russian Ballets.  London: Faber & Faber, 1935. Includes descriptions of Cotillon and La Concurrence, with an analysis of Balanchine’s choreographic style, pp. 184-96.

Stravinsky, Igor. Chroniques de ma vie.  Paris: De Noël et Steele, 1935. (Chronicles of My Life, London: Gollancz/New York: Simon & Schuster, 1936; reprinted New York: Norton, 1962.) Includes a description of the composition of the score and Balanchine’s choreography for Apollon Musagète, pp. 210-15, 224-27 (New York edition).

Stravinsky, Igor. Selected Correspondence,  Volume I. Edited and with commentaries by Robert Craft. New York: Knopf, 1982. Includes correspondence with Lincoln Kirstein, 1946-1966, pp. 263-95.

Stravinsky, Igor and Craft, Robert. Dialogues and a Diary.  Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1963. Includes a section on Apollo, pp. 16-20, and working notes for Stravinsky’s collaboration with Balanchine on The Flood, pp. 89-98.

Stravinsky, Igor and Craft, Robert. Themes and Episodes.  New York: Knopf, 1966. Section titled ‘Eye Music’ discusses Balanchine’s Movements for Piano and Orchestra; Balanchine’s choreography is also discussed in sections on Jeu de Cartes, Danses Concertantes, and Orpheus.

Stravinsky, Vera and Craft, Robert. Stravinsky in Pictures and Documents.  New York: Simon & Schuster, 1978. Includes information on collaborations with Balanchine.

Stravinsky and the Dance: A Survey of Ballet Productions, 1910-1962, in Honor of the Eightieth Birthday of Igor Stravinsky.  Catalogue by Selma Jeanne Cohen, with an introduction by Herbert Read. New York: Dance Collection of The New York Public Library, 1962. Includes ballets choreographed by Balanchine.

Stravinsky and the Theatre: A Catalogue of Decor and Costume Designs for Stage Productions of His Works, 1910-1962. New York: Dance Collection of The New York Public Library, 1963. Includes designs for ballets choreographed by Balanchine.

Switzer, Ellen. Dancers! Horizons of American Dance.  New York: Atheneum, 1982. Includes a discussion of Balanchine’s place in the history of American dance; there are also sections on several New York City Ballet dancers.

Switzer, Ellen. The Nutcracker: A Story and a Ballet.  With photographs by Steven Caras and Costas. New York: Atheneum, 1985. George Balanchine’s The Nutcracker in storybook form with many color photographs.

Swope, Martha. A Midsummer Night’s Dream: The Story of the New York City Ballet’s Production Told in Photographs by Martha Swope.  Edited by Nancy Lassalle, with an introduction by Lincoln Kirstein. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1977.

Swope, Martha. The Nutcracker: The Story of the New York City Ballet’s Production Told in Pictures by Martha Swope.  Edited by Nancy Lassalle, with an introduction by Lincoln Kirstein. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1975.

Szilard, Paul. Under My Wings: My Life as an Impresario.   By Paul Szilard, as told to Howard Kaplan. New York: Limelight Editions, 2002. In ‘Part III: Mr. B and New York City Ballet,’ Szilard discusses the tours he arranged for the company.

Tallchief, Maria. Maria Tallchief: America’s Prima Ballerina.  By Maria Tallchief with Larry Kaplan. New York: Henry Holt, 1997. Autobiography of a ballerina who was muse and wife to Balanchine.

Taper, Bemard. Balanchine: A Biography.  Revised and updated edition. New York: Times Books, 1984. New revised edition with new material, Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1996.

Taylor, Paul. Private Domain.  New York: Knopf, 1987. Description of the making of Episodes, pp. 88-95.

Teachout, Terry. All in the Dances: A Brief Life of George Balanchine.  New York: Harcourt, 2004. Balanchine’s biography written for the inexperienced dancegoer.

Terry, Walter. Ballet Guide.  New York: Dodd, Mead, 1976. Includes descriptions of many Balanchine ballets.

Terry, Walter. I Was There: Selected Dance Reviews and Articles, 1936-1976.  Compiled and edited by Andrew Mark Wentink. New York: Dekker, 1978. Includes reviews of Balanchine’s works for Ballet Society, the New York City Ballet, the Original Ballet Russe (Balustrade), Ballet Theatre, and in musical comedy.

Tracy, Robert and Delano, Sharon. Balanchine’s Ballerinas: Conversations with the Muses. New York: Linden Press, 1983. Interviews with nineteen ballerinas from Alexandra Danilova to Darci Kistler.

Tracy, Robert. Spaces of the Mind: Isamu Noguchi’s Dance Designs.  New York: Limelight Editions, 2001. Includes Noguchi’s designs for Balanchine’s Orpheus.

Tributes: Celebrating Fifty Years of New York City Ballet.  Conceived and edited by Christopher Ramsey; preface by Peter Martins; foreword by Mikhail Baryshnikov. New York: William Morrow, 1998. Includes photographs, designs, poetry, and writing, as well as a chronology (1948-1998) and lists of repertory, dancers, music, and videography.

Twysden, Aileen Elizabeth. Alexandra Danilova.  London: Beaumont, 1945/New York: Kamin, 1947. Describes Balanchine and his ballets in the Soviet Union in the 1920s, on tour with the Principal Dancers of the Russian State Ballet, with Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes, and with the de Basil and Denham Ballet Russe companies. Provides an analysis of his choreography and Danilova’s influence on it, pp. 86-87. Chapter titled ‘Favourite Ballets’ includes descriptions of Les Dieux Mendiants (The Gods Go A-Begging) and Le Baiser de la Fée.

Tyler, Parker. The Divine Comedy of Pavel Tchelitchew: A Biography.  New York: Fleet, 1967. Includes discussions of Balanchine’s L’Errante (1933 version), Magic, Orpheus, Balustrade, and Concierto de Mozart, pp. 353-68, 383-84, 385-87, 437, 442.

Vaill, Amanda. Somewhere: The Life of Jerome Robbins. New York: Broadway Books, 2006. Analytical biography of Robbins’s life and creative output, with many references to Balanchine.

Vaillat, Léandre. La Danse à l’Opéra de Paris.  Paris: Amiot-Dumont, 1951. Includes a discussion of Balanchine’s work as guest ballet master at the Opéra in 1947 in chapters titled ‘M. Balanchine à l’Opéra’, ‘Sérénade’, ‘Apollon Musagète’, ‘Le Baiser de la Fée,’ and ‘Le Palais de Cristal’.

Van Vechten, Carl. The Dance Photography of Carl Van Vechten.  Selected and with an introduction by Paul Padgette. New York: Schirmer Books, 1981. Photographs of Balanchine ballets and dancers,1933-61.

Villella, Edward. Prodigal Son: Dancing for Balanchine in a World of Pain and Magic.  By Edward Villella with Larry Kaplan. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992. Autobiography of a former principal dancer with New York City Ballet.

Volkov, Solomon. Balanchine’s Tchaikovsky: Interviews with George Balanchine.  Translated from the Russian by Antonia W. Bouis. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1985. A distillation of interviews given by Balanchine to musicologist Solomon Volkov on Tchaikovsky and his music. The interviews include reminiscences of Balanchine’s early life and career in Russia. With many photographs. Paperback, titled Balanchine’s Tchaikovsky: Conversations with Balanchine on his Life, Ballet, and Music. New York: Anchor Books, 1992.

Walczak, Barbara, and Kai, Una. Balanchine the Teacher: Fundamentals that Shaped the First Generation of New York City Ballet Dancers. Gainesville, University Press of Florida, 2008. Detailed description of technique classes taught by Balanchine, mostly in the 1950s, but also in the 1960s and 1970s, including specific combinations, the number of repetitions for each exercise, and the tempi at which Balanchine required movements to be performed.

Walker, Kathrine Sorley. De Basil’s Ballets Russes.  London: Hutchinson, 1982; New York: Atheneum, 1983. Includes information on Balanchine’s work for de Basil.

Ware, Walter. Ballet Is Magic: A Triple Monograph – Harriet Hoctor, Paul Haakon, Patricia Bowman. New York: Ihra, 1936. Includes a description of Balanchine’s ‘Night Flight’ from the 1936 Ziegfeld Follies in the monograph on Hoctor, pp. 1-3.

Wentink, Andrew Mark. The Steadfast Tin Soldier: The Story of George Balanchine’s New York City Ballet Production, Told in Photographs by Steven Caras.  Brooklyn, New York: Dance Horizons, 1981.

White, Eric Walter. Stravinsky: The Composer and His Works.  Second edition. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1979. Includes discussions of Balanchine’s choreography to Stravinsky scores.

Williamson, Audrey. Ballets of Three Decades.  London: Rockcliff/New York: Macmillan, 1958. Includes comments on Balanchine works for the Grand Ballet du Marquis de Cuevas (La Sonnambula), New York City Ballet, and Sadler’s Wells Ballet (Ballet Imperial), pp. 113, 116-20, 170-71.

Williamson, Audrey. Ballet Renaissance.  London: Golden Gallery/New York: Transatlantic Arts, 1948. Includes comments on Balanchine’s works for Ballet Theatre (Waltz Academy, Apollo), p. 81.  

Zorina, Vera. Zorina.  New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1986. Autobiography of a dancer who was muse and wife to Balanchine, with descriptions of his work on Broadway and in Hollywood.


Balanchine Choreography Recorded on Film
Compiled by Robert Greskovic

Agon — 1973 (RM Productions)
Concerto Barocco — 1973 (RM Productions)
Divertimento from ‘Le Baiser de la Fee’ — 1973 (RM Productions)
Duo Concertant — 1973 (RM Productions)
Episodes — 1973 (RM Productions)
Liebeslieder Walzer — 1973 (RM Productions)
A Midsummer Night’s Dream — 1966 (Oberon Productions, 1967)
The Nutcracker — 1993 (film adaptation, Warner Brothers)
Pulcinella — 1973 (RM Productions)
Serenade — 1973 (RM Productions)
Stars and Stripes — 1973 (RM Productions)
Symphony in C — 1973 (RM Productions)
Tarantella — 1973 (RM Productions)
Tschaikovsky Pas de Deux — 1973 (RM Productions)
La Valse — 1973 (RM Productions)
Valse Fantaisie from ‘Glinkiana’ — 1973 (RM Productions)
Violin Concerto (Stravinsky Violin Concerto); — 1973 (RM Productions)
Western Symphony — 1955 (Monitor Productions)

Dark Red Roses — 1930 (Era Films)
Tartar Ballet, ‘Jealousy’

The Goldwyn Follies — 1938 (United Artists)
Romeo and Juliet Ballet
Water Nymph Ballet

On Your Toes — 1939 (Warner Brothers)
La Princesse Zenobia Ballet
Slaughter on Tenth Avenue Ballet

I Was an Adventuress — 1940
(Twentieth Century Fox)
Swan Lake Ballet

Louisiana Purchase — 1941 (Paramount Pictures)
Tonight at the Mardi Gras

Star Spangled Rhythm — 1942 (Paramount Pictures)
That Old Black Magic

Follow the Boys — 1944 (Universal Pictures)
Movie Number

Man Who Dances: Edward Villella — 1968 (Direct Cinema Ltd.)
Excerpts from Tarantella, Divertimento Brillante from Glinkiana, Rubies from Jewels, Harlequinade

Peter Martins: A Dancer — 1978 (The Film Company)
Excerpts from Agon, Tschaikovsky Pas de Deux, Chaconne

Dancing for Mr. B–Six Balanchine Ballerinas — 1989 (Seahorse Films)
Excerpts from The Four Temperaments (Ballet Society rehearsal), Firebird, Concerto Barocco, Scotch Symphony, Stars and Stripes, Agon, Symphony in C, Tschaikovsky Pas de Deux, Apollo, Ballo della Regina, La Sonnambula (rehearsal)

Suzanne Farrell: Elusive Muse — 1996 (Seahorse Films)
Excerpts from Meditation, Don Quixote, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Slaughter on Tenth Avenue, Concerto Barocco, Robert Schumann’s ‘Davidsbündlertänze’


Compiled by Robert Greskovic
With Additional Material by Claude Conyers

American Ballet Theatre at the Met: Mixed Bill

Kultur, 1999.
A live performance (1984) at the Metropolitan Opera House, New York. Includes Sylvia: Pas de Deux, danced by Martine Van Hamel and Patrick Bissell.

The Art of Maria Tallchief

Video Artists International (VAI), 2003
Telecasts from Radio-Canada and the Bell Telephone Hour, 1954-1966, including performances previously issued on videotape as Maria Tallchief in Montreal and Maria Tallchief: Complete Bell Telephone Hour Performances. Includes excerpts from Swan LakeAllegro BrillantePas de Dix, and Scotch Symphony, with André Eglevsky and a corps de ballet.

The Art of the Pas de Deux, Volume 1

Video Artists International (VAI), 2006.
Includes excerpts from a 1984 performance of Tschaikovsky Pas de Deux by Patricia McBride and Reid Olson.


Kultur, 2004.
A two-part documentary film telecast on the Dance in America series on May 28 and June 4, 1984. Includes excerpts from more than thirty Balanchine ballets, including appearances by him as a Tartar Nomad in Jealousy, in the film Dark Red Roses, in 1929 and as Herr Drosselmeyer in The Nutcracker in 1958.

The Balanchine Celebration, Part One

The Balanchine Library. Nonesuch, 1996.
Selections from live performances (1993) at the New York State Theater. With members of the New York City Ballet and guest artists. Includes Scherzo à la Russe and excerpts from ApolloSquare DanceTheme and VariationsUnion JackVienna Waltzes, and Walpurgisnacht Ballet.

The Balanchine Celebration, Part Two

The Balanchine Library. Nonesuch, 1996.
Selections from live performances (1993) at the New York State Theater. With members of the New York City Ballet and guest artists. Includes excerpts from AgonStars and StripesWestern Symphony, and Who Cares?

The Balanchine Essays: Arabesque

The Balanchine Library. Nonesuch, 1995.
Analysis of details of Balanchine’s approach to classical technique, demonstrated by Merrill Ashley (and others) and introduced by Suki Schorer. Includes brief phrases from The NutcrackerDonizetti VariationsDivertimento No. 15Raymonda VariationsSwan LakeSerenadeSymphony in C, and The Four Temperaments.

The Balanchine Essays: Passé and Attitude

The Balanchine Library. Nonesuch, 1996.
Analysis of details of Balanchine’s approach to classical technique, demonstrated by Merrill Ashley (and others) and introduced by Suki Schorer. Includes brief phrases from AgonConcerto BaroccoDiamondsRaymonda VariationsTschaikovsky Piano Concerto No. 2La SourceScotch SymphonySymphony in CSwan LakeSquare DanceThe Nutcracker, and Stars and Stripes.

The Balanchine Essays: Port de Bras and Épaulement

The Balanchine Library. Nonesuch, 1996.
Analysis of details of Balanchine’s approach to classical technique, demonstrated by Merrill Ashley (and others) and introduced by Suki Schorer. Includes brief phrases from Divertimento No. 15, and Symphony in C.

The Ballets Russes in Australia, 1936-1940

National Library of Australia, 1999.
A documentary about the de Basil Ballets Russes in Australia and its influence on the development of native ballet companies. With archival footage of brief excerpts of many ballets in the Ballets Russes repertory, including La Concurrence.

Ballets Russes

Zeitgeist Films, 2005.
A documentary touching on all the Ballets Russes companies, beginning with Diaghilev and ending with Denham’s Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo. With archival footage of brief excerpts of numerous ballets from various repertories, including CotillonThe Four Temperaments, and early versions of Danses ConcertantesLeBourgeois GentilhommeBallet ImperialLa Sonnambula (Night Shadow)Mozartiana, and Serenade.

Bringing Balanchine Back: The Historic Return to Russia

City Lights Media, 2008.
Directed by Richard Blanshard. Narrated by Kevin Kline
A documentary recording the New York City Ballet’s visit to St. Petersburg, 2003. Includes generous live-performance excerpts from such rarely filmed Balanchine ballets as Symphony in Three MovementsSymphony in CWestern SymphonyAgon, and Serenade, as well as Jerome Robbins’s Glass Pieces and Peter Martins’s Hallelujah Junction. Brief footage of Balanchine in Russia on earlier visits.

Bujones, in His Image

Kultur, 2002.
A documentary film (1986) on the career of Fernando Bujones. Includes the male variation from Pas de Trois (Glinka).

Choreography by Balanchine (Part 1)

The Balanchine Library. Nonesuch, 1995.
Telecast on the Dance in America series on December 14, 1977. With members of the New York City Ballet. Includes TziganeAndante from Divertimento No.15, and The Four Temperaments.

Choreography by Balanchine (Part 2)

The Balanchine Library. Nonesuch, 1995.
Selections from the telecast on the Dance in America series on December 21, 1977. With members of the New York City Ballet. Includes Stravinsky Violin Concerto and excerpts from the Emeralds and Diamonds sections of Jewels.

Choreography by Balanchine (Part 3)

The Balanchine Library. Nonesuch, 1995.
Telecast on the Dance in America series on November 29, 1978. With members of the New York City Ballet. Includes Chaconne and Prodigal Son.

Choreography by Balanchine (Part 4)

The Balanchine Library. Nonesuch, 1995.
Selections from the telecast on the Dance in America series on March 7, 1979. With members of the New York City Ballet. Includes Ballo della ReginaThe Steadfast Tin SoldierElegie from Tschaikovsky Suite No. 3, and Tschaikovsky Pas de Deux.

Dancing for Mr. B: Six Balanchine Ballerinas

The Balanchine Library. Nonesuch, 1996.
A documentary film (1989) telecast on the Dance in America series on March 30, 1990. With Maria Tallchief, Melissa Hayden, Mary Ellen Moylan, Allegra Kent, Merrill Ashley, Darci Kistler, and members of Ballet Society and the New York City Ballet. Includes excerpts from The Four Temperaments (Ballet Society rehearsal), FirebirdConcerto BaroccoScotch SymphonyStars and StripesAgonSymphony in CTschaikovsky Pas de DeuxApolloBallo della ReginaLa Sonnambula (rehearsal), and brief clips from others.

Follow the Boys

MCA Universal Home Video, 1994.
A musical film (Universal Pictures, 1944), with a large cast led by Vera Zorina and George Raft. Includes a production number featuring Zorina and a beguine danced by the principals.

Gala Tribute to Tchaikovsky

Home Vision, 1994.
A live performance (1993) at the Royal Opera House, London. Includes Tschaikovsky Pas de Deux, danced by Darcey Bussell and Zoltan Solymosi.

The Goldwyn Follies

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Home Entertainment, 2000.
A musical film (MGM/United Artists, 1938), with a large cast headed by Adolphe Menjou. Includes Romeo and Juliet Ballet and Water Nymph Ballet, danced by Vera Zorina, William Dollar, and members of the American Ballet of the Metropolitan Opera.

Jacques d’Amboise: Portrait of a Great American Dancer

Video Artists International, 2006.
Telecasts from Radio-Canada and The Bell Telephone Hour, 1956-1965. Includes Apollo (complete, with birth scene) with Jillana, Francia Russell, and Diana Adams, and excerpts from Stars and Stripes, with Melissa Hayden.

Jewels (Joyaux)

BBC/Opus Arte, 2006.
A live performance (2005) of the complete, three-part ballet at the Palais Garnier, Paris, with members of the Paris Opera Ballet.


Marinsky Label, © State Academic Marinsky Theater, St. Petersburg, Russia 2011.
Complete ballet recorded 2006 in Marinsky Theater with members of the Marinsky Ballet.

Louisiana Purchase

MCA Universal Home Video, 2002.
A musical film (Paramount Pictures, 1941), starring Bob Hope, Vera Zorina, and Victor Moore. Includes Tonight at the Mardi Gras, danced by Zorina and Charles Laskey.

Man Who Dances: Edward Villella

Direct Cinema, 1980.
A documentary film (1968) on the career of Edward Villella. Includes excerpts from Tarantella and the Rubies section of Jewels and fragments of GlinkianaHarlequinade, and Tschaikovsky Pas de Deux, with Patricia McBride and members of New York City Ballet.

A Midsummer Night’s Dream

BBC/Opus Arte, 2004.
A live performance (1991) of the complete ballet at Seattle Center Opera House, with members of Pacific Northwest Ballet.

New York City Ballet in Montreal, Vol. 1

Video Artists International (VAI), 2014. Produced for DVD by Allan Altman.
Telecasts from Radio-Canada, 1956-1960.Serenade (Complete) with Diana Adams,
Patricia Wilde, Yvonne Mounsey, Jacques d’Amboise, Herbert Bliss. 1957.
Orpheus (Complete) with Nicholas Magallanes, Violette Verdy, Francisco Moncion, Roy Tobias, Judith Green. 1960. Both with the Corps de Ballet of New York City Ballet.
Choreography by George Balanchine.

New York City Ballet in Montreal, Vol. 2

Video Artists International (VAI), 2014. Produced for DVD by Allan Altman.
Telecasts from Radio-Canada, 1956-1960. Concerto Barocco (Complete) with Tanaquil LeClercq, Jacques d’Amboise, Diana Adams, Corps de Ballet of New York City Ballet. 1956.

The Nutcracker – Grand pas de Deux with Diana Adams, Nicholas Magallanes. 1957. Pas de Dix (Complete) with Maria Tallchief, André Eglevsky and featured soloists. 1957. Agon (Complete) with Diana Adams, Violette Verdy, Jillana., Francia Russell, Todd Bolender, Arthur Mitchell, Richard Rapp, Roy Tobias, Susan Borree, Carole Fields, Marlene Mesavage. 1960. Choreography by George Balanchine.

The Nutcracker (issued as George Balanchine’s The Nutcracker)

Warner Home Video, 2003.
A film adaptaion (Warner Bros., 1993) of the complete ballet. With members of the New York City Ballet and students of the School of American Ballet.

Pas de Deux

Video Artists International (VAI), 1999.
Includes a 1984 performance of Tschaikovsky Pas de Deux by Patricia McBride and Reid Owen.

Peter Martins: A Dancer

Kultur, 2001.
A documentary film (1978) on the career of Peter Martins. Includes excerpts from AgonTschaikovsky Pas de Deux, and Chaconne, with Suzanne Farrell.

Robert Schumann’s “Davidsbündlertänze”

The Balanchine Library. Nonesuch, 1995.
A 1981 performance of the complete ballet. With members of the New York City Ballet.

Suzanne Farrell, Elusive Muse

WinStar TV & Video, 2001.
A documentary film (1996) on the career of Suzanne Farrell. Includes excerpts from MeditationDon QuixoteA Midsummer Night’s DreamSlaughter on Tenth AvenueConcerto BaroccoRobert Schumann’s “Davidsbündlertänze”, and brief clips of others, with Jacques d’Amboise, Peter Martins, and members of the New York City Ballet.

Star Spangled Rhythm

MCA Home Video, 1999.
A musical film (Paramount Pictures, 1942), with a large cast of Hollywood stars. Includes That Old Black Magic, a solo danced by Vera Zorina.

Violette et Mr. B

Films du Prieuré/ARTE France, 2005.
A documentary (2001) by Dominique Delouche, in French with English subtitles. Violette Verdy coaches dancers from the Paris Opera Ballet in works Balanchine created for her. Includes excerpts from the Emeralds section of JewelsLiebeslieder WalzerSonatine, and Tschaikovsky Pas de Deux.